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      Current status about school health department settings and staff building of the centers for disease control and prevention in China


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          Objective To learn about the construction and staffing of the school health system in Chinese institutions for disease prevention and control, and to provide basic information for the school health system, team capacity building and work development.

          Methods Electronic questionnaire was used to collect the setting and staffing of school health departments (including school health centers and departments/rooms) at the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels in the centers for disease control and prevention. Statistical analysis was made on the proportion of school health, the number of staff and the characteristics such as age, education, major and working years in the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels.

          Results Among the 3 313 institutions, the proportion of independent school health departments was 10.8%, and those of the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels were 74.2%, 15.0%, and 9.6%, respectively. Among the institutions with separated department, the average number of staff members was 4.4, while the number of staff was 2.5. The average age of school health workers was 40.4 years old, and the proportion of male and female employees was 45.2% and 54.8%. The proportion of personnel who have been engaged in school health work for less than 5 years on average was as high as 65.1%. The majors of the staff were mainly public health (40.4%), 54.0% of the provincial staff had a master’s degree or above, and 47.8% and 58.7% of the staff at the prefecture and county (district) levels were junior college or below respectively. The proportion of provincial-level personnel with intermediate and senior titles was 69.6%, and the proportion of municipal and county-level personnel at the junior level and below was 52.2% and 56.2% respectively.

          Conclusion The proportion of independent school health departments within centers of disease control and prevention across China was low. There is a serious shortage of school health personnel, and there are problems such as low levels of education and professional titles, especially in county (district) level institutions. It is urgent to strengthen the construction of the school health system of the centers for disease control and prevention in China.


          【摘要】 目的 了解当前中国疾病预防控制(以下简称“疾控”)机构学校卫生工作体系建设和人员配备情况, 为中国疾 控机构学校卫生体系、队伍能力建设和工作开展等提供基础信息。 方法 通过电子问卷收集各省、市、县三级共计 3 313 所疾控机构学校卫生科室(包括学校卫生所、科/室)设置、工作人员配备情况, 统计分析疾控机构学校卫生科室设置比例 与工作人员配备数、年龄、学历、专业及工作年限等特征。 结果 全国参与调查的 3 313 所疾控机构中设置独立的学校卫 生科室比例为 10.8%, 省、地市与县(区)级分别为 74.2%, 15.0%, 9.6%。设置独立科室者平均每家机构实有工作人员 4.4 人; 未设置者平均每家机构承担学校卫生工作人员为 2.5 人。从事学校卫生工作人员平均年龄为 40.4 岁, 男、女职工比例 分别为 45.2%, 54.8%, 从事学校卫生工作平均年限不足 5 年的人员比例高至 65.1%。工作人员专业以公共卫生类 (40.4%) 为主;省级人员 54.0% 为硕士及以上学历, 地市级和县(区)级人员以专科及以下为主, 分别为 47.8%, 58.7%。省级人员中、高级职称比例为 69.6%, 地市级和县(区)级人员初级及以下占比分别为 52.2%, 56.2%。 结论 中全国各级疾控机构中独 立的学校卫生科室的设置比例低;从事学校卫生工作的人员缺乏, 且存在学历及职称水平偏低等问题, 尤其是县(区)级疾 控机构更为突出。需尽快加强中国疾控机构中学校卫生工作体系建设。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 April 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 4
          : 618-621
          [1] 1Office for Public Health Management, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing (102200), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding authors: XU Juan, E-mail: xujuan@ 123456ninh.chinacdc.cn ; LIU Dongshan, E-mail: martinliuer1204@ 123456aliyun.com
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Public health,Health personnel,Student health services,Organization and administration


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