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      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Portraiture and social understanding

      Advances in Autism

      Emerald Publishing

      Interventions, Autism spectrum disorder, Social communication disorder

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the possible explanations for deficits in social understanding evident in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A potential intervention technique is proposed that has not yet been examined in this population: viewing and drawing portraits. This portraiture-based intervention seeks to address some of the core issues set forth in each of the theories explaining impaired social functioning. Furthermore, this intervention is intended to specifically increase exposure to facial stimuli in a safe and controlled environment. Instructions about how to look closely at a social partner’s face and how to glean salient emotional information from the facial expression displayed can be developed through a focused exploration of drawing and viewing portraits. Current techniques such as eye tracking and fMRI are discussed in the context of this proposed intervention.

          Design/methodology/approach

          – This paper reviews existing research about ASD and seeks to present a new proposal for an intervention using portraiture. First the paper discusses existing interventions and reviews the current research about potential causes/areas of deficiency in individuals on the spectrum. This paper subsequently proposes a new type of intervention and discusses the reasons underpinning its potential success in the context of existing research.

          Findings

          – This was a proposed study so no empirical findings have been reported. However, observations of individuals on the spectrum engaging with artwork are discussed in this paper.

          Originality/value

          – No other research or study has been proposed in current literature relating specifically to the use of portraits (looking at and creating) to help individuals with ASD.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 20

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Early social attention impairments in autism: social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distress.

          This study investigated social attention impairments in autism (social orienting, joint attention, and attention to another's distress) and their relations to language ability. Three- to four-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 72), 3- to 4-year-old developmentally delayed children (n = 34), and 12- to 46-month-old typically developing children (n = 39), matched on mental age, were compared on measures of social orienting, joint attention, and attention to another's distress. Children with autism performed significantly worse than the comparison groups in all of these domains. Combined impairments in joint attention and social orienting were found to best distinguish young children with ASD from those without ASD. Structural equation modeling indicated that joint attention was the best predictor of concurrent language ability. Social orienting and attention to distress were indirectly related to language through their relations with joint attention. These results help to clarify the nature of social attention impairments in autism, offer clues to developmental mechanisms, and suggest targets for early intervention. ((c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)
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            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            The capacity for joint visual attention in the infant.

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              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Neuropathology of infantile autism.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                AIA
                10.1108/AIA
                Advances in Autism
                Emerald Publishing
                2056-3868
                30 July 2015
                30 July 2015
                : 1
                : 1
                : 30-40
                Affiliations
                Yale University, Connecticut, United States.
                Article
                AIA-05-2015-0004.pdf
                10.1108/AIA-05-2015-0004
                © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
                Product
                Categories
                Articles
                Conceptual paper
                Health & social care
                Learning & intellectual disabilities
                Custom metadata
                yes
                yes
                JOURNAL
                included

                Health & Social care

                Social communication disorder, Autism spectrum disorder, Interventions

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