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      A new adenoviral vector: Replacement of all viral coding sequences with 28 kb of DNA independently expressing both full-length dystrophin and beta-galactosidase.

      Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

      genetics, Adenoviridae, beta-Galactosidase, Transcription, Genetic, metabolism, Muscle, Skeletal, Molecular Sequence Data, Mice, Lac Operon, Humans, Genetic Vectors, Escherichia coli, Dystrophin, DNA, Recombinant, DNA Primers, Creatine Kinase, Cell Line, Base Sequence, Animals

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          Abstract

          Adenoviral vector-mediated gene transfer offers significant potential for gene therapy of many human diseases. However, progress has been slowed by several limitations. First, the insert capacity of currently available adenoviral vectors is limited to 8 kb of foreign DNA. Second, the expression of viral proteins in infected cells is believed to trigger a cellular immune response that results in inflammation and in only transient expression of the transferred gene. We report the development of a new adenoviral vector that has all viral coding sequences removed. Thus, large inserts are accommodated and expression of all viral proteins is eliminated. The first application of this vector system carries a dual expression cassette comprising 28.2 kb of nonviral DNA that includes the full-length murine dystrophin cDNA under control of a large muscle-specific promoter and a lacZ reporter construct. Using this vector, we demonstrate independent expression of both genes in primary mdx (dystrophin-deficient) muscle cells.

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          Journal
          39129
          8650161

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