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      A sociologia das desigualdades em educação posta à prova pela segunda explosão escolar: deslocamento dos questionamentos e reinício da crítica Translated title: The sociology of inequalities in education put to the test by the second school explosion: changing the questions and restarting the criticism

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          Abstract

          Analisa exemplarmente o caso francês, considerando inicialmente duas cronologias: uma longa, que se enraíza nos planos de educação da segunda metade do século XVIII, ligando a igualdade educativa à construção da unidade nacional e ao exercício da cidadania; outra curta, mais recente, que corresponde ao projeto da escola única e na qual a questão da mobilidade social é central. O tema das desigualdades educacionais aparece na França ao final dos anos de 1950. No entanto, a segunda explosão escolar, que ocorre a partir dos anos de 1980, e a ineficácia relativa das alternativas experimentadas no sistema educativo, entre elas a descentralização, exigem nova formulação do problema, em particular levando em conta a nova situação criada pelo desemprego e pelo aumento da exclusão.

          Translated abstract

          The article analyses the French case considering initially two different chronologies: a long term one which is rooted in the educational plans of the second half of the 18th century, linking educational equality with the construction of national unity and to the exercise of citizenship and, a more recent short-term chronology that corresponds to the project of the unitary school in which the question of social mobility is central. The theme of educational inequalities appears in France at the end of the 1950’s. However the second school explosion which starts in the 1980’s and the relative inefficiency of the alternatives tested in the educational system, amongst which decentralisation, demand a new formulation of the problem, taking into account the new situation created by unemployment and the increase in exclusion.

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          A Theory of Justice

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            Spheres of justice. A defense of pluralism and equality

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              Effets pervers et ordre social

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbedu
                Revista Brasileira de Educação
                Rev. Bras. Educ.
                Editora Autores Associados (Rio de Janeiro )
                1809-449X
                December 2002
                : 0
                : 21
                : 5-16
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique
                Article
                S1413-24782002000300002
                10.1590/S1413-24782002000300002
                10d6617b-6c13-49ac-8855-9f940c207768

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1413-2478&lng=en
                Categories
                EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

                Educational research & Statistics
                education sociology,inequalities in education,sociologia da educação,desigualdades em educação

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