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      Analysis of Exercise-Induced R-Wave-Amplitude Changes in Detection of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Typical or Atypical Chest Pain under Digitalis Treatment

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          Abstract

          Specificity and sensitivity of exercise ECG were compared to exercise stress thallium 201 scanning and coronary arteriograms in 70 male patients with typical or atypical chest pain complaints, without previous myocardial infarction. 50 patients (group I) did not receive any treatment; 20 patients (group II) received digitalis as preventive treatment of atrial arrythmias or for no particular reason. Only subjects with concordant results in radionuclide and angiography examinations were considered as coronary artery disease patients. Exercise stress tests were performed sitting on the bicycle ergometer using a progressive loading profile (30 W for 3 min), to the symptom-limited capacity (VO<sub>2</sub> SL). Positive exercise ECG were confirmed on ST decrease (1.5 mm) or on absence or increase in R-wave-amplitude modifications (V5). In the group I patients, ECG-ST-modification sensitivity, specificity, predictive value (+) and efficiency were, respectively, 92, 82, 86 and 88%. R-wave-variation sensitivity, specificity, predictive value (+) and efficiency were, respectively, 41, 74, 65 and 56%. In the group II patients, ST-depression sensitivity, specificity, predictive value (+) and efficiency were, respectively, 100, 33, 59 and 65%. R-wave-variation sensitivity, specificity, predictive value (+) and efficiency were, respectively, 50, 70, 63 and 60%. It was concluded that R-wave-amplitude variations induced lower false positive responses than ST-segment depression in patients under digitalis treatment. False negative responses were unfortunately 50% using the R-wave criterion. Erercise ECG was finally judged as a poor indicator of CAD in patients under digitalis treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-3437-6
          978-3-318-00026-9
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1981
          1981
          07 November 2008
          : 68
          : Suppl 2
          : 178-185
          Affiliations
          Medical Cardiology (S. Degre), Nuclear Medicine (A. Schoutens) and Radiology Departments (J. Struyven), Hôpital Académique Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
          Article
          173334 Cardiology 1981;68:178–185
          10.1159/000173334
          7317895
          © 1981 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Drug Effect

          General medicine, Neurology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Internal medicine, Nephrology

          Digitalis, Exercise, CHD, ECG

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