Objective To investigate the total amount and types of fluid intake among college students in Hebei Province during spring and to provide scientific basis for fluid-intake education.
Methods A simple random sampling method was used to select 156 college students from a college in Hebei Province. The information on amount and type of fluid intake was recorded using the 7-day 24-hour recording method. A separate analysis was performed on people who consumed beverages during the 7 days.
Results The median intake of plain water, milk, sugar-sweetened beverages and other beverages was 866 mL, 43 mL, 43 mL and 2 mL, respectively. The median of plain water, milk, sugar-sweetened beverages and other beverages by the beverage-consumers was 845 mL, 36 mL, 63 mL and 11 mL, respectively. The intake of plain water and sugar-sweetened beverages in male students was significantly higher ( Z = 2.31, 3.03; 2.31, 2.11, P<0.05), and milk consumption was lower than female students of these two groups of people ( Z = −2.73, −2.23, P<0.05). The intake of other beverages in male students was higher than that of female students, but only significant among beverage-consumers ( Z = 3.31, P< 0.01). There was no significant difference in the total amount of different fluid types among different BMI ( P>0.05).
Conclusion College students in Hebei Province mainly drink plain water. Sex difference is observed in the types of fluid intake.
【摘要】 目的 调査河北省某髙校大学生春季不同类型水的饮用量, 为后期饮水宣教提供科学依据。 方法 采用简 单随机抽样的方法抽取河北省某髙校 156 名大学生, 采用连续 7 d 24 h 饮水记录法, 记录调査对象每次的饮水量和饮水种 类。对 7d 中有任意饮料消费的人群进行单独分析。 结果 调査对象每天白水、牛奶、含糖饮料、其他饮料的饮用量中位 数分别为 866, 43, 43, 2 mL。其中饮料消费人群每天白水、牛奶、含糖饮料、其他饮料的饮用量中位数分别为 845, 36, 63, 11 mL 。两类人群中男生白水、含糖饮料饮用量均髙于女生 ( Z 值分别为 2.31, 3.03;2.31, 2.11, P 值均<0.05), 而牛奶饮用 量低于女生 ( Z 值分别为 −2.73, −2.23, P 值均<0.05)。女生其他饮料饮用量髙于男生, 但仅在饮料消费人群中差异有统计 学意义 ( Z =3.31, P<0.01)。两类人群中不同体质量指数的调査对象不同类型水的饮用量差异均无统计学意义 ( P值均> 0.05)。 结论 河北省某髙校大学生主要以饮用白水为主, 男女生饮水类型不同。