Although ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) is widely used in multimodal analgesia after cesarean delivery (CD), the complications of TAPB during analgesia after CD have rarely been reported.
A total of 84 cases of CD were randomly assigned to either a ropivacaine group (R group) or ropivacaine + dexamethasone group (RD group) in this double-blind trial. The pain site and pain degree at rest and during activity at 2 h, 6 h, 10 h, 12 h, 14 h, 16 h, 20 h, and 24 h after maternal surgery were recorded. The consumption of opioids at 24h, postoperative nausea, vomiting, exhaustion, and other adverse reactions were recorded.
A total of 80 patients were included in the analysis of results. A total of 19 patients developed ISP, 14 in the R group and 5 in the RD group. The incidence of ISP in the R and RD groups was 35% and 12.5%, respectively. The results described above showed that combining dexamethasone with ropivacaine reduced the incidence of ISP, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Two groups of women with positive ISP had higher values of opioid consumption than women with negative ISP, but the difference was not significant.