Objective: The objective was to determine whether the Czech and Ugandan women are familiar with the concept of prenatal counseling; if they visit prenatal clinic; what kind of tests are conducted during the prenatal counseling; whether their health throughout pregnancy is monitored by a Health Professional. Background: Prenatal care in the Czech Republic and in Uganda differ from each other. A Midwife plays an important role in the care of pregnant women in Uganda. In the Czech Republic a pregnant woman undergoes a higher number of tests compared to Uganda. Methods: Respondents were selected by purposive sampling. There were two homogeneous sets of respondents from the Czech Republic and Uganda - women with children under the age of 2. A non-standardized questionnaire in Czech and English language was created, with the level of significance of 5%. Results: The knowledge level of the term prenatal clinic is higher in the Czech Republic than in Uganda. 80 Czech respondents (100%) underwent ultrasound examination during pregnancy. It was only 22 respondents (27.5%) in Uganda. Cardiotocographic examination in Uganda does not take place in the Czech Republic is extended, it completed a total of 70 (87.5%) respondents. Health status of Ugandan respondents monitors in 75.6% (51 respondents) Midwife, the Czech Republic all 80 (100.0%) of the respondents is monitored by a Doctor. Conclusions: The results can be applied in legislation changes and improvements in education.