+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Measurement of Pupil Centroid Shift and Cyclotorsional Displacement Using Iris Registration

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Background/Aims: To estimate the amount and nature of pupil centroid shift and cyclotorsion occurring between preoperative wavefront measurement and refractive surgery. Methods: This retrospective study comprised 183 eyes of 92 patients who had wavefront-guided LASIK using iris registration. We analyzed the pupil centroid shift and cyclotorsional displacement occurring between preoperative wavefront measurements and during the laser procedure. The eyes were measured by the WaveScan® Wavefront® system (VISX, Santa Clara, Calif., USA) and refractive surgery was performed with the VISX STAR S4 excimer laser system. Results: The mean magnitude of shifts in the location of pupil center was 0.26 ± 0.16 mm horizontally, 0.20 ± 0.16 mm vertically and 0.37 ± 0.13 mm vectorally. 162 eyes (88.5%) experienced more than 0.2 mm of shift. The mean amount of torsion was 2.58 ± 1.56° for 83 eyes showing incyclotorsion and 2.94 ± 1.87° for 100 eyes showing excyclotorsion. 117 eyes (63.9%) experienced more than 2° of cyclotorsion and 21 eyes (11.5%) experienced more than 5° of cyclotorsion. Conclusions: Pupil centroid shift and cyclotorsion occur in the majority of eyes undergoing laser treatment. The amount of pupil centroid shift and cyclotorsion shown in this study is considerable. Accurate compensation for cyclotorsion and pupil centroid shift may maximize the potential of visual quality of customized ablations.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 11

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Effect of rotation and translation on the expected benefit of an ideal method to correct the eye's higher-order aberrations.

           A Guirao,  D R Williams,  I Cox (2001)
          An ideal correcting method, such as a customized contact lens, laser refractive surgery, or adaptive optics, that corrects higher-order aberrations as well as defocus and astigmatism could improve vision. The benefit achieved with this ideal method will be limited by decentration. To estimate the significance of this potential limitation we studied the effect on image quality expected when an ideal correcting method translates or rotates with respect to the eye's pupil. Actual wave aberrations were obtained from ten human eyes for a 7.3-mm pupil with a Shack-Hartmann sensor. We computed the residual aberrations that appear as a result of translation or rotation of an otherwise ideal correction. The model is valid for adaptive optics, contact lenses, and phase plates, but it constitutes only a first approximation to the laser refractive surgery case where tissue removal occurs. Calculations suggest that the typical decentrations will reduce only slightly the optical benefits expected from an ideal correcting method. For typical decentrations the ideal correcting method offers a benefit in modulation 2-4 times higher (1.5-2 times in white light) than with a standard correction of defocus and astigmatism. We obtained analytical expressions that show the impact of translation and rotation on individual Zernike terms. These calculations also reveal which aberrations are most beneficial to correct. We provided practical rules to implement a selective correction depending on the amount of decentration. An experimental study was performed with an aberrated artificial eye corrected with an adaptive optics system, validating the theoretical predictions. The results in a keratoconic subject, also corrected with adaptive optics, showed that important benefits are obtained despite decentrations in highly aberrated eyes.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Cyclotorsional eye motion occurring between wavefront measurement and refractive surgery.

            To quantify the cyclorotation occurring between wavefront measurement and laser refractive surgery.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Rotational malposition during laser in situ keratomileusis.

              To investigate the degree of rotational malposition in eyes undergoing laser in situ keratomileusis.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                May 2009
                22 January 2009
                : 223
                : 3
                : 166-171
                aDepartment of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kangnam St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea and bKorean National Research Resource Collection, Korean Eye and Gene Bank Related to Blindness, Seoul, Korea
                194663 Ophthalmologica 2009;223:166–171
                © 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 4, References: 19, Pages: 6
                Original Paper


                Comment on this article