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      Prävalenz grenzüberschreitender Verhaltensweisen in romantischen Beziehungen unter Jugendlichen (Teen-Dating-Violence) : Ergebnisse einer niedersachsenweit repräsentativen Befragung


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          Zusammenfassung. Teen-Dating-Violence (TDV) erscheint als gesellschaftliches Problemfeld mit ausgeprägter Prävalenz und Reichweite. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Untersuchung wird anhand einer repräsentativen Schülerbefragung für das Bundesland Niedersachsen eine 12-Monats-Prävalenz für verschiedene TDV Dimensionen vorgelegt. Etwa 62 % der befragten Mädchen sowie etwa 49 % der befragten Jungen gaben an (Stichprobe unter Risiko), in den letzten 12 Monaten mindestens eine TDV Erfahrung gemacht zu haben. Besonders häufig wurde von Jugendlichen beider Geschlechter das Erleben emotionaler Gewalt angeführt (Mädchen: 56.9 %; Jungen: 42.6 %), gefolgt von relationaler Gewalt (Mädchen: 17.9 %; Jungen: 14.4 %), körperlicher Gewalt (Mädchen: 10.5 %; Jungen: 8.2 %), Drohungen (Mädchen: 8.0 %; Jungen: 5.4 %) und sexueller Gewalt (Mädchen: 9.0 %; Jungen: 3.5 %). Erhöhte Raten von Suizidalität, Depressivität und Substanzkonsum der Betroffenen deuten auf einen ausgeprägten, mit dem Phänomen verbundenen Leidensdruck hin.

          Prevalence of Teen Dating Violence in Romantic Relationships Among Teenagers: Results of a Representative Survey in Lower Saxony

          Abstract. Teen dating violence (TDV) appears to be a far-reaching issue in the Federal Republic of Germany as well as internationally with a reported high prevalence. Adolescents affected by TDV more frequently suffer from negative consequences, similar to those linked to violence in adult romantic relationships. Furthermore, it has been shown that individuals affected by TDV have a higher rate of partner violence in future relationships. In this study, the 12-month prevalence rates for various dimensions of TDV (emotional violence, threatening, relational violence, physical violence, as well as sexual violence) are presented. The data of the present study stem from a large representative student sample from the federal state of Lower Saxony. In all, 10,326 students from the ninth grade were surveyed. Of these, 4,351 indicated having been in a romantic relationship within the 12 months preceding the survey (at-risk sample). About 53 % of respondents at risk were female. The mean age of the at-risk sample was 15 years ( SD = .10). About 62 % of the questioned girls as well as about 49 % of the boys indicated at least one offensive experience within the previous 12 months. The rates determined vary considerably depending on the TDV dimension. Most frequently mentioned by students of both genders was the experience of emotional violence (girls: 56.9 %, boys: 42.6 %), followed by relational violence (girls 17.9 %, boys 14.4 %), physical violence (girls 10.5 %, boys: 8.2 %), threats (girls: 8.0 %, boys: 5.4 %), and sexual violence (girls: 9 %, boys: 3.5 %). Although the current study is cross-sectional, and no causality can be inferred, heightened rates of suicidality, depression, and substance use (especially for respondents who experienced physical and sexual violence) signify a psychological strain connected to the phenomenon. The high strain for individuals experiencing threats makes this dimension stand out among the other dimensions on psychological violence. Based on the present results, it seems viable to aim at preventing TDV with dimension-specific programs. Owing to the moderate development in approaches for TDV prevention, the adaptation and dissemination of English-language evidence-based prevention programs are highly relevant. In this context, reference can be made to American programs that have been validated in large randomized control studies. Generally, adolescence seems to be a suitable phase for prevention efforts as it is during this phase that the foundations for future relationship competence are laid.

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          Most cited references31

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          An Ultra-Brief Screening Scale for Anxiety and Depression: The PHQ–4

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            Longitudinal associations between teen dating violence victimization and adverse health outcomes.

            To determine the longitudinal association between teen dating violence victimization and selected adverse health outcomes.
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              Is Open Access

              A systematic review of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration ☆

              This systematic review examined 140 outcome evaluations of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration. The review had two goals: 1) to describe and assess the breadth, quality, and evolution of evaluation research in this area; and 2) to summarize the best available research evidence for sexual violence prevention practitioners by categorizing programs with regard to their evidence of effectiveness on sexual violence behavioral outcomes in a rigorous evaluation. The majority of sexual violence prevention strategies in the evaluation literature are brief, psycho-educational programs focused on increasing knowledge or changing attitudes, none of which have shown evidence of effectiveness on sexually violent behavior using a rigorous evaluation design. Based on evaluation studies included in the current review, only three primary prevention strategies have demonstrated significant effects on sexually violent behavior in a rigorous outcome evaluation: Safe Dates (Foshee et al., 2004); Shifting Boundaries (building-level intervention only, Taylor, Stein, Woods, Mumford, & Forum, 2011); and funding associated with the 1994 U.S. Violence Against Women Act (VAWA; Boba & Lilley, 2009). The dearth of effective prevention strategies available to date may reflect a lack of fit between the design of many of the existing programs and the principles of effective prevention identified by Nation et al. (2003).

                Author and article information

                Kindheit und Entwicklung
                Zeitschrift für Klinische Kinderpsychologie
                Hogrefe Verlag, Göttingen
                : 27
                : 2
                : 110-125
                [ 1 ]Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen (KFN)
                [ 2 ]Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften
                Author notes
                Dr. Sören Kliem, Marie-Christine Bergmann, M. Sc., Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen, Lützerodestraße 9, 30161 Hannover, E-Mail soeren.kliem@ 123456kfn.de
                Prof. Dr. Dirk Baier, ZHAW Züricher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften, Soziale Arbeit, Pfingstweidstrasse 96, 8005 Zürich, Schweiz
                Copyright @ 2018

                Psychology,Family & Child studies,Development studies,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                Schülerbefragung,Prävalenz,Teen-Dating-Violence,Niedersachsensurvey 2015,teen dating violence,prevalence rates,student survey,Niedersachsensurvey


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