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Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.

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Lancet (London, England)

Elsevier BV

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      Abstract

      In 2010, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3·4 million deaths, 3·9% of years of life lost, and 3·8% of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide. The rise in obesity has led to widespread calls for regular monitoring of changes in overweight and obesity prevalence in all populations. Comparable, up-to-date information about levels and trends is essential to quantify population health effects and to prompt decision makers to prioritise action. We estimate the global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013.

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      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA.
      [2 ] "La Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
      [3 ] School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
      [4 ] University of Texas School of Medicine, San Antonio, TX, USA.
      [5 ] Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeti University, Ramallah, West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory.
      [6 ] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA; Ministry of Health, Gaborone, Botswana.
      [7 ] King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
      [8 ] Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.
      [9 ] University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
      [10 ] Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
      [11 ] University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
      [12 ] Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.
      [13 ] Ministry of Public Health, Beirut, Lebanon.
      [14 ] UNFPA, Kabul, Afghanistan.
      [15 ] University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
      [16 ] National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
      [17 ] Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
      [18 ] Aga Khan University Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan.
      [19 ] University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
      [20 ] Universidad de Joinville-Univille, Joinville, Brazil.
      [21 ] National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
      [22 ] University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
      [23 ] Hospital Dr. Gustavo N. Collado, Chitre, Herrera, Panama.
      [24 ] University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.
      [25 ] Independent Researcher, Long Beach, CA, USA.
      [26 ] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA; Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India.
      [27 ] Public Health England, London, UK.
      [28 ] University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
      [29 ] Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA USA.
      [30 ] National Institutes of Health, Bethesda and Montgomery, MD, USA.
      [31 ] Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
      [32 ] National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand.
      [33 ] Department of Diabetes Research, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
      [34 ] University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
      [35 ] Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur, India.
      [36 ] School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
      [37 ] Eunice Gibson Polyclinic, Bridgetown, Barbados.
      [38 ] Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
      [39 ] Birzeit University, Birzeit, Ramallah, Palestine.
      [40 ] Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.
      [41 ] National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan.
      [42 ] American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.
      [43 ] Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.
      [44 ] VA San Diego, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.
      [45 ] Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
      [46 ] University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
      [47 ] Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.
      [48 ] Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.
      [49 ] Supreme Council of Health, Doha, Qatar.
      [50 ] South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.
      [51 ] Jordan University of Science and Technology, AlRamtha, Jordan.
      [52 ] Institute of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
      [53 ] Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
      [54 ] Simmons College, Boston, MA, USA.
      [55 ] The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
      [56 ] Department of Preventive Cardiology, Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiologic Informatics, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.
      [57 ] Center for Community Empowerment, Health Policy & Informatics, NIHRD, Jakarta, Indonesia.
      [58 ] Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
      [59 ] Fourth View Consulting, Tallinn, Estonia.
      [60 ] The National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.
      [61 ] National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
      [62 ] Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
      [63 ] University of Bari, Bari, Italy.
      [64 ] University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
      [65 ] Xpharmconsult, Kumasi, Ghana.
      [66 ] Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science (CTRIS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda and Montgomery, MD, USA.
      [67 ] University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
      [68 ] University of Crete, Crete, Greece.
      [69 ] International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
      [70 ] Ministry of Health, Suva, Republic of Fiji.
      [71 ] Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.
      [72 ] Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
      [73 ] African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya.
      [74 ] Centre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, India.
      [75 ] BARC Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
      [76 ] Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Seoul, Korea.
      [77 ] Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
      [78 ] University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
      [79 ] Finnish institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
      [80 ] Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
      [81 ] University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
      [82 ] Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia.
      [83 ] National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia.
      [84 ] University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA USA.
      [85 ] Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
      [86 ] NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
      [87 ] Health Care Center of Anjo Kosei Hospital, Anjo City, Japan.
      [88 ] UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland.
      [89 ] University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
      [90 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
      [91 ] National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
      [92 ] The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
      [93 ] Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
      [94 ] Shandong University affiliated Jinan Central Hospital, Jinan, China.
      [95 ] Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
      [96 ] Institute of Medical Sociology and Social Medicine, Marburg, Hessen, Germany.
      [97 ] School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.
      [98 ] University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
      [99 ] Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.
      [100 ] Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
      [101 ] Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
      [102 ] Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
      [103 ] Zhejiang University School of Public Health, Hangzhou, China.
      [104 ] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: gakidou@uw.edu.
      Journal
      Lancet
      Lancet (London, England)
      Elsevier BV
      1474-547X
      0140-6736
      Aug 30 2014
      : 384
      : 9945
      24880830
      S0140-6736(14)60460-8
      10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8
      4624264
      EMS65692

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