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A new generation of climate-change experiments: events, not trends

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      Most cited references 37

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      Ecological responses to recent climate change.

      There is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate change, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments. The responses of both flora and fauna span an array of ecosystems and organizational hierarchies, from the species to the community levels. Despite continued uncertainty as to community and ecosystem trajectories under global change, our review exposes a coherent pattern of ecological change across systems. Although we are only at an early stage in the projected trends of global warming, ecological responses to recent climate change are already clearly visible.
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        Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants.

        Over the past 100 years, the global average temperature has increased by approximately 0.6 degrees C and is projected to continue to rise at a rapid rate. Although species have responded to climatic changes throughout their evolutionary history, a primary concern for wild species and their ecosystems is this rapid rate of change. We gathered information on species and global warming from 143 studies for our meta-analyses. These analyses reveal a consistent temperature-related shift, or 'fingerprint', in species ranging from molluscs to mammals and from grasses to trees. Indeed, more than 80% of the species that show changes are shifting in the direction expected on the basis of known physiological constraints of species. Consequently, the balance of evidence from these studies strongly suggests that a significant impact of global warming is already discernible in animal and plant populations. The synergism of rapid temperature rise and other stresses, in particular habitat destruction, could easily disrupt the connectedness among species and lead to a reformulation of species communities, reflecting differential changes in species, and to numerous extirpations and possibly extinctions.
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          Climate Extremes: Observations, Modeling, and Impacts

           D. Easterling (2000)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
            Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
            Wiley-Blackwell
            1540-9295
            September 2007
            September 2007
            : 5
            : 7
            : 365-374
            10.1890/1540-9295(2007)5[365:ANGOCE]2.0.CO;2
            © 2007

            http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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