324
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
32
shares
• Record: found
• Abstract: found
• Article: found
Is Open Access

# Geographic Expansion of the Invasive Mosquito Aedes albopictus across Panama—Implications for Control of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses

research-article
1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , 3 , *
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Public Library of Science

Bookmark
There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

### Most cited references10

• Record: found
• Abstract: found

### Spread of the tiger: global risk of invasion by the mosquito Aedes albopictus.

(2007)
Aedes albopictus, commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is currently the most invasive mosquito in the world. It is of medical importance due to its aggressive daytime human-biting behavior and ability to vector many viruses, including dengue, LaCrosse, and West Nile. Invasions into new areas of its potential range are often initiated through the transportation of eggs via the international trade in used tires. We use a genetic algorithm, Genetic Algorithm for Rule Set Production (GARP), to determine the ecological niche of Ae. albopictus and predict a global ecological risk map for the continued spread of the species. We combine this analysis with risk due to importation of tires from infested countries and their proximity to countries that have already been invaded to develop a list of countries most at risk for future introductions and establishments. Methods used here have potential for predicting risks of future invasions of vectors or pathogens.
Bookmark
• Record: found
• Abstract: found
• Article: found
Is Open Access

### Economic Impact of Dengue Illness in the Americas

The growing burden of dengue in endemic countries and outbreaks in previously unaffected countries stress the need to assess the economic impact of this disease. This paper synthesizes existing studies to calculate the economic burden of dengue illness in the Americas from a societal perspective. Major data sources include national case reporting data from 2000 to 2007, prospective cost of illness studies, and analyses quantifying underreporting in national routine surveillance systems. Dengue illness in the Americas was estimated to cost $2.1 billion per year on average (in 2010 US dollars), with a range of$1–4 billion in sensitivity analyses and substantial year to year variation. The results highlight the substantial economic burden from dengue in the Americas. The burden for dengue exceeds that from other viral illnesses, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) or rotavirus. Because this study does not include some components (e.g., vector control), it may still underestimate total economic consequences of dengue.
Bookmark
• Record: found
• Abstract: found

### The epidemiology of dengue in the americas over the last three decades: a worrisome reality.

We have reported the epidemic patterns of dengue disease in the Region of the Americas from 1980 through 2007. Dengue cases reported to the Pan American Health Organization were analyzed from three periods: 1980-1989 (80s), 1990-1999 (90s), and 2000-2007 (2000-7). Age distribution data were examined from Brazil, Venezuela, Honduras, and Mexico. Cases increased over time: 1,033,417 (80s) to 2,725,405 (90s) to 4,759,007 (2000-7). The highest concentrations were reported in the Hispanic Caribbean (39.1%) in the 80s shifting to the Southern Cone in the 90s (55%) and 2000-7 (62.9%). From 1980 through 1987, 242 deaths were reported compared with 1,391 during 2000-7. The most frequently isolated serotypes were DENV-1 and DENV-2 (90s) and DENV-2 and DENV-3 (2000-7). The highest incidence was observed among adolescents and young adults; dengue hemorrhagic fever incidence was highest among infants in Venezuela. Increasing dengue morbidity/mortality was observed in the Americas in recent decades.
Bookmark

### Author and article information

###### Contributors
Role: Editor
###### Journal
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
plos
plosntds
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Public Library of Science (San Francisco, CA USA )
1935-2727
1935-2735
January 2015
8 January 2015
: 9
: 1
###### Affiliations
[1 ]Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Panama
[2 ]Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología, Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
[3 ]Programa Centroamericano de Maestría en Entomología, Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Postgrado, Universidad de Panamá, Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Australian National University, AUSTRALIA
###### Author notes

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

###### Article
PNTD-D-14-01284
10.1371/journal.pntd.0003383
4287627
25569303
12227044-3d73-460d-bcfd-585e33ec8f34

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

###### Page count
Figures: 2, Tables: 1, Pages: 7
###### Funding
JRL’s field work was supported by INDICASAT-AIP, STRI, and a National Research Investigator award (SNI) from the Panama’s Secretariat for Science and Technology (SENACYT). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
###### Categories
Viewpoints

Infectious disease & Microbiology
Infectious disease & Microbiology