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      Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme and angiotensin II receptor inhibition on impaired fibrinolysis in systemic hypertension.

      American Journal of Hypertension

      blood, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Angiotensin II, Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, therapeutic use, Blood Pressure, Bradykinin, Female, Fibrinolysis, drug effects, Fibrinolytic Agents, Humans, Hypertension, drug therapy, Lipoproteins, Losartan, Male, Middle Aged, Perindopril, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, Thrombomodulin, metabolism, Tissue Plasminogen Activator

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          Abstract

          Abnormalities in fibrinolysis have been reported in hypertension. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been shown to improve altered fibrinolytic balance in hypertensive patients. It has not been documented, however, whether this is due to a decrease in angiotensin II (Ang-II) generation or is a consequence of elevated local levels of bradykinin. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of an ACE inhibitor (perindopril) and an Ang-II receptor antagonist (losartan) on fibrinolytic kinetics. We have examined the serum levels of the plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) antigen and activity, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen and activity, soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) before and after reaching the target blood pressure (<140/90 mm Hg) in 13 hypertensive patients receiving perindopril (mean age 40+/-11 years, 6 women, 7 men) and in 12 patients receiving losartan (mean age 38+/-9 years, 6 women, 6 men). We also compared the baseline fibrinolytic activity of hypertensive patients with that of 12 normotensive control persons (mean age 40+/-9 years, 6 women, 6 men). The mean basal plasma levels of PAI-1 antigen, PAI-1 activity, and sTM were significantly higher in the hypertensive patients than in normal controls (P<.005). The values of other analytes were similar in both groups. Increased plasma levels of PAI-1 antigen, PAI-1 activity, and sTM were reduced in patients after they were given perindopril and losartan (P<.005); the reductions in losartan-receiving group were more pronounced (P<.05). There were no significant effects on the plasma levels of t-PA antigen, t-PA activity, and TFPI in patients receiving the two therapeutic regimens (P>.05). In conclusion, chronic hypertension is associated with hypofibrinolysis. The beneficial effect of ACE inhibitors on fibrinolysis seems to be related to the blockade of Ang-II, and increased kinin activity does not appear to play a major role.

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