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Biochemical and pharmacological activities of SR 27417, a highly potent, long-acting platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist.

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      SR 27417 [N-(2-dimethylamino ethyl)-N-(3-pyridinyl methyl)[4- (2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl) thiazol-2-yl]amine] is the first member of a newly developed platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist series. It is a highly potent, competitive and selective antagonist of the binding of [3H]PAF to its receptor in rabbit platelets. It exhibits an equilibrium inhibition constant for PAF binding of 57 pM, a value that is at least 5-fold lower than that of unlabeled PAF itself. SR 27417 potently inhibited PAF-induced aggregation of rabbit and human platelets in vitro (IC50 = 0.10 and 0.50 nM, respectively) but had no effect on the action of other platelet-aggregating agents. In comparison with the triazolothienodiazepine WEB-2086, SR 27417 was 470 and 70 times more potent against PAF-induced aggregation of rabbit and human platelets, respectively. SR 27417 displayed marked in vitro inhibition of PAF-induced oxidative burst in guinea pig macrophages (IC50 = 32 nM). In an in vivo model, it protected mice from 100 micrograms/kg PAF-induced death when given i.v. (ED50 = 7.5 micrograms/kg) 5 min before PAF challenge or p.o. (ED50 = 45 micrograms/kg) 3 hr before PAF administration. SR 27417 inhibited PAF-induced death in mice with an impressive p.o. or i.v. duration of action of 30 to 48 hr. In anesthetized guinea pigs, SR 27417 inhibited i.v. and p.o. 100 ng/kg PAF-induced bronchoconstriction (ED50 = 14 and 140 micrograms/kg, respectively), hemoconcentration (ED50 = 20 and 270 micrograms/kg, respectively), thrombocytopenia (ED50 = 30 and 240 micrograms/kg, respectively) and leukopenia (ED50 = 0.1 and 1.5 mg/kg, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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      [1 ] Sanofi Recherche, Toulouse, France.
      J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
      The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
      Oct 1991
      : 259
      : 1


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