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      Anemia of Chronic Renal Failure: Inhibition of Erythropoiesis by Uremic Serum

      a , b , a

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Uremia, Anemia, Erythropoiesis, Inhibitors

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          Abstract

          The pathogenesis of anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease was studied by assessing the effect of uremic serum on the proliferation and maturation of erythroid progenitor cells, BFU-E and CFU-E, into colonies in vitro. Nucleated peripheral blood cells from 10 anemic patients produced normal or increased numbers of BFU-E colonies in response to added erythropoietin when cultured in control serum, but declined a mean of 63% when autologous uremic serum was substituted. Uremic sera from 90 patients cultured with normal human marrow produced a mean decrease in BFU-E colony growth of 72%, and of CFU-E colony growth of 82%, compared to control serum. Neither hemodialysis nor peritoneal dialysis was effective in removing the inhibitor. We conclude that patients with uremia have adequate circulating erythroid progenitors that respond to erythropoietin normally when removed from the uremic environment, and that uremic serum is toxic and inhibitory to erythropoiesis. This may be an important mechanism in the anemia of chronic renal failure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1983
          1983
          03 December 2008
          : 35
          : 1
          : 15-19
          Affiliations
          aDivision of Hematology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto; bDivision of Nephrology, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ont., Canada
          Article
          183038 Nephron 1983;35:15–19
          10.1159/000183038
          6888621
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Uremia, Anemia, Erythropoiesis, Inhibitors

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