Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

Evidence for a role of protein kinase C in FGF signal transduction in the developing chick limb bud.

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPubMed
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      In developing limbs, numerous signaling molecules have been identified but less is known about the mechanisms by which such signals direct patterning. We have explored signal transduction pathways in the chicken limb bud. A cDNA encoding RACK1, a protein that binds and stabilizes activated protein kinase C (PKC), was isolated in a screen for genes induced by retinoic acid (RA) in the chick wing bud. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) also induced RACK1 and such induction of RACK1 expression was accompanied by a significant augmentation in the number of active PKC molecules and an elevation of PKC enzymatic activity. This suggests that PKCs mediate signal transduction in the limb bud. Application of chelerythrine, a potent PKC inhibitor, to the presumptive wing region resulted in buds that did not express sonic hedgehog (Shh) and developed into wings that were severely truncated. This observation suggests that the expression of Shh depends on PKCs. Providing ectopic SHH protein, RA or ZPA grafts overcome the effects of blocking PKC with chelerythrine and resulted in a rescue of the wing morphology. Taken together, these findings suggest that the responsiveness of Shh to FGF is mediated, at least in part, by PKCs.

      Related collections

      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Developmental Biology Program, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
      Journal
      Development
      Development (Cambridge, England)
      0950-1991
      0950-1991
      Jul 2001
      : 128
      : 13
      11493562

      Comments

      Comment on this article