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      Functional Tolerance to α-Adrenergic Receptor Blockade in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat Highlights the Multifunctional Role of Vascular Angiotensin II in the Development of Hypertension

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          Abstract

          Treatment of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with α-adrenoceptor antagonists failed to alter the development of hypertension in this animal model. However, agents such as captopril (CAP) and losartan (LOS) which interfere with the renin-angiotensin system effectively prevented the development of hypertension. When tolerance occurred in the presence of doxazosin (DOX) or phenoxybenzamine, there was an enhanced sensitivity to the blood pressure lowering influence of LOS. In the presence of CAP, at a dose that did not retard the development of blood pressure in the SHR, DOX treatment significantly offset the development of hypertension in this strain. These results suggest that a functional tolerance to agents that interfere with the sympathetic nervous system is mediated by the renin-angiotensin system. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition was associated with a normalization of the enhanced contraction of the mesenteric vascular bed seen in preparations from the SHR and a suppression in the development of the vascular amplifier. The results suggest that the sympathetic nervous system is unable to maintain an elevated blood pressure in the SHR during interference with the functioning of the renin-angiotensin system. Conversely, under conditions of α-adrenoceptor blockade, angiotensin II can maintain an elevated blood pressure in the SHR.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 4
          : 247-253
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, The University of Adelaide, bCSIRO Division of Human Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
          Article
          159099 J Vasc Res 1995;32:247–253
          10.1159/000159099
          7654881
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

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