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      Predictors of Attitudes Toward Gay Men and Lesbian Women in 23 Countries

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          Abstract

          Dominant accounts of sexual prejudice posit that negative attitudes toward nonheterosexual individuals are stronger for male (vs. female) targets, higher among men (vs. women), and driven, in part, by the perception that gay men and lesbian women violate traditional gender norms. We test these predictions in 23 countries, representing both Western and non-Western societies. Results show that (1) gay men are disliked more than lesbian women across all countries; (2) after adjusting for endorsement of traditional gender norms, the relationship between participant gender and sexual prejudice is inconsistent across Western countries, but men (vs. women) in non-Western countries consistently report more negative attitudes toward gay men; and (3) a significant association between gender norm endorsement and sexual prejudice across countries, but it was absent or reversed in China, India, and South Korea. Taken together, this work suggests that gender and sexuality may be more loosely associated in some non-Western contexts.

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          Most cited references 50

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            Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Social Psychological and Personality Science
                Social Psychological and Personality Science
                SAGE Publications
                1948-5506
                1948-5514
                December 23 2019
                : 194855061988778
                Affiliations
                [1 ]New York University Abu Dhabi, Saadiyat Island, United Arab Emirates
                Article
                10.1177/1948550619887785
                © 2019

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