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      Silver colloid nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, and their antibacterial activity.

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          Abstract

          A one-step simple synthesis of silver colloid nanoparticles with controllable sizes is presented. In this synthesis, reduction of [Ag(NH(3))(2)](+) complex cation by four saccharides was performed. Four saccharides were used: two monosaccharides (glucose and galactose) and two disaccharides (maltose and lactose). The syntheses performed at various ammonia concentrations (0.005-0.20 mol L(-1)) and pH conditions (11.5-13.0) produced a wide range of particle sizes (25-450 nm) with narrow size distributions, especially at the lowest ammonia concentrations. The average size, size distribution, morphology, and structure of particles were determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and UV/Visible absorption spectrophotometry. The influence of the saccharide structure (monosacharides versus disaccharides) on the size of silver particles is briefly discussed. The reduction of [Ag(NH(3))(2)](+) by maltose produced silver particles with a narrow size distribution with an average size of 25 nm, which showed high antimicrobial and bactericidal activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including highly multiresistant strains such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles was found to be dependent on the size of silver particles. A very low concentration of silver (as low as 1.69 mug/mL Ag) gave antibacterial performance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Phys Chem B
          The journal of physical chemistry. B
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          1520-6106
          1520-5207
          Aug 24 2006
          : 110
          : 33
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Physical Chemistry, Palacký University, Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
          Article
          10.1021/jp063826h
          16913750
          12de66cd-b719-40a6-8d5d-762999ddb07e
          History

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