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      Role of agile leadership in managing inter-role conflicts for a satisfying job and life during COVID-19 in a VUCA world


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          This study investigated how agile leadership played its role in managing inter-role conflicts during the chaotic period of the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic was much more than the survival of the fittest and coming out of it alive. Organizations were under immense pressure to resume their normal operations in not-so-normal situations. This period of turmoil and agony brought a broad array of inter-role conflicts, which posed challenges for leaders to manage them effectively. The satisfaction at job and the satisfaction in life were the two most important endeavors for the employees to fight. This study explores how leadership agility helped employees manage their work–family and family–work conflicts, consequently impacting life satisfaction and job satisfaction simultaneously. Moreover, role ambiguity, role conflict, and role overload are important intervening role stress factors that impact inter-role conflict management. So, role stress is a moderating factor in the direct relationship between agile leadership and inter-role conflict. This is a two-phased time lag study with a quantitative design for data collection. The first phase of data collection comprises of analyzing the impact of agile leadership on inter-role conflict management, keeping in view the intervening impact of role stress. The second data collection phase examines how inter-role conflicts impacted life satisfaction and job satisfaction during COVID-19. The data were collected from faculty working in higher education institutions in Pakistan, as the education industry was the second major sector that was affected because of COVID-19 after the health care industry. This research found that agile leadership plays a significant role in determining job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Agile leadership during the COVID-19 pandemic helped to manage work–family (AgileL -> WFC -> JS β = 0.1020, p = 0.0112 and AgileL -> WFC -> LS β = 0.1361, p = 0.0014) and family–work conflicts (AgileL -> FWC -> JS β = 0.1598, p = 0.0017 and AgileL -> FWC -> LS β = 0.1160, p = 0.0093) and reduce role stress. Future researchers might include marital satisfaction, as the inter-role conflicts highly impacted marital satisfaction and resultant imbalances among dual-earning couples. Comparative studies in this regard, explaining how dual-earning couples managed to sustain marital health and the role of leadership in developed and developing countries would be enlightening.

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          Role Conflict and Ambiguity in Complex Organizations

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              Sources of Conflict Between Work and Family Roles


                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                18 October 2022
                18 October 2022
                : 13
                : 979792
                [1] 1Department of Management Sciences, University of Wah , Wah Cantt, Pakistan
                [2] 2Foundation University , Islamabad, Pakistan
                [3] 3Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economics and Administration, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
                [4] 4Department of Business Administration, Foundation University , Islamabad, Pakistan
                [5] 5Department of Ophthalmology, Wah Medical College , Wah Cantt, Pakistan
                [6] 6Boots UK Limited , Nottingham, United Kingdom
                Author notes

                Edited by: Samyia Safdar, Capital University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

                Reviewed by: Mukaram Khan, University of the Punjab, Pakistan; Muhammad Rafique, Air University, Pakistan; Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia

                *Correspondence: Saima Aftab, saima.aftab@ 123456uow.edu.pk

                This article was submitted to Organizational Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2022 Aftab, Khalid, Waheed, Aftab and Adnan.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 27 June 2022
                : 20 September 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 7, Equations: 0, References: 101, Pages: 17, Words: 11737
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                covid-19,agile leadership,role stress,work–family conflicts,family–work conflicts,life satisfaction,job satisfaction


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