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      Brucellosis in Argentina

      Veterinary Microbiology
      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Brucellosis has been recognized in Argentina since the 19th century. Several studies demonstrated the presence of the disease in most of the domestic species. Actually, the estimate of prevalence is that between 10 and 13% of the farm animals are infected with bovine brucellosis with an individual rate of 4-5%. The annual economical losses have been estimated at 60,000,000 US dollars. The control of bovine brucellosis began in 1932 and successive resolutions have been issued since then. The current resolution indicates that B. abortus S19 is mandatory in female calves between 3 and 8 months of age. The vaccine strain B. abortus RB51 was provisionally approved but only for cattle older than 10 months of age. The brucellosis control program consists principally of test and slaughter. This methodology has been successful mainly in the dairy farms that have the incentive due to increased pricing because of obtaining a low prevalence of the disease. Brucellosis has been found in porcine, caprine, ovine and canine species. All Brucella species have been found in the country. Human brucellosis is an important disease and a national coordinated diagnostic net has been formed to better control the disease in man. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Veterinary Microbiology
          Veterinary Microbiology
          Elsevier BV
          03781135
          December 2002
          December 2002
          : 90
          : 1-4
          : 71-80
          Article
          10.1016/S0378-1135(02)00247-X
          12414136
          13077aff-27a8-4145-b3a7-018493b8dacc
          © 2002

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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