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Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research

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      Abstract

      Articles whose authors make them Open Access (OA) by self-archiving them online are cited significantly more than articles accessible only to subscribers. Some have suggested that this "OA Advantage" may not be causal but just a self-selection bias, because authors preferentially make higher-quality articles OA. To test this we compared self-selective self-archiving with mandatory self-archiving for a sample of 27,197 articles published 2002-2006 in 1,984 journals. The OA Advantage proved just as high for both. Logistic regression showed that the advantage is independent of other correlates of citations (article age; journal impact factor; number of co-authors, references or pages; field; article type; or country) and greatest for the most highly cited articles. The OA Advantage is real, independent and causal, but skewed. Its size is indeed correlated with quality, just as citations themselves are (the top 20% of articles receive about 80% of all citations). The advantage is greater for the more citeable articles, not because of a quality bias from authors self-selecting what to make OA, but because of a quality advantage, from users self-selecting what to use and cite, freed by OA from the constraints of selective accessibility to subscribers only.

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      Author and article information

      Journal
      2010-01-03
      2010-01-09
      1001.0361
      10.1371/journal.pone.0013636

      http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

      Custom metadata
      30 pages, 15 figures, 8 tables
      cs.CY cs.DL

      Applied computer science, Information & Library science

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