Objective To investigate the correlation between takeaway food consumption and poor sleep status of college students in Jiangxi Province, to provide a theoretical basis for poor sleep prevention and intervention among college students.
Methods A total of 2 610 college students were selected from a university in Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province by cluster stratified random sampling in May of 2018. The frequency and type of takeaway food consumption, sleep quality and drowsiness were investigated.
Results The detection rate of takeaway food consumption behavior (≥4 times in a week) for college students was 74.8%. The detection rates of poor sleep quality and drowsiness were 17.0% and 18.3%, respectively. The difference of sleep quality was statistically significant with sex, college, different self-rated family conditions, study burden, physical activity level, depression and daily smoking (χ 2 = 4.33, 8.67, 23.14, 39.03, 12.89, 313.37, 15.23, P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between drowsiness and college, grade, learning burden, physical activity and depression (χ 2 = 12.81, 6.57, 20.61, 8.42, 228.06, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that takeaway consumption (≥ 4 times in a week) had statistical significance with poor sleep quality and drowsiness ( P<0.05).
Conclusion College students’ takeaway consumption (≥ 4 times in a week) of rice noodles, malatang, fragrant pot hot pot increase the risk of poor sleep. It is suggested that schools should strengthen nutrition and health education for college students.
【摘要】 目的 了解江西省某髙校大学生外卖食品消费与不良睡眠状况的相关性, 为预防和缓解大学生睡眠不良以及相 关干预对策的制定提供理论依据。 方法 2018 年 5 月采用整群分层立意抽样方法, 在江西省上饶市某髙校大一至大三年 级共抽取 2 610 名大学生, 对其外卖食品的消费频率和类型、睡眠质量和嗜睡情况进行调研。 结果 大学生外卖食品消费 行为 (≥4 次/周)检出率为 74.8%。大学生睡眠质量差和嗜睡的检出率分别为17.0%, 18.3%。不同性别、学院、自测家庭 条件、学习负担、体力活动水平、抑郁情况、每天吸烟大学生睡眠质量差检出率差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 4.33, 8.67, 23.14, 39.03, 12.89, 313.37, 15.23, P 值均<0.05)。不同学院、年级、学习负担、体力活动、抑郁情况大学生嗜睡检出率 差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 12.81, 6.57, 20.61, 8.42, 228.06, P 值均<0.05)。Logistic 回归分析显示, 外卖食品消费 (≥4 次/周) 类型与睡眠质量差和嗜睡关联均有统计学意义 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 大学生外卖食品消费 (≥4 次/周) 类 型为米粉面食、麻辣烫、香锅火锅增加其不良睡眠状况发生的风险。学校应加强对大学生的营养健康教育。