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      Plant associations for three sawfly species (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) in the Pacific Northwest

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      Journal of Hymenoptera Research

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          Plant associations are newly recorded for three tenthredinid species in the Pacific Northwest. A single Monardis pulla D.R. Smith, 1969 emerged from a chamber inside a cynipid gall on Rosa nutkana C. Presl. (Rosaceae). This is the first plant association record for M. pulla. Two Aphilodyctium fidum (Cresson, 1880) emerged from a stem and cynipid gall of Rosa rugibinosa Linnaeus, 1758, respectively. Several Rhogogaster lateraria (Cresson, 1880) eggs were discovered on Castilleja sp., which has no previously recorded sawfly associations.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Deleterious effects of mild simulated overwintering temperatures on survival and potential fecundity of rose-galling Diplolepis wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae).

          Prepupae of the rose galling Diplolepis spinosa from areas with relatively cold winters in southern Canada, and Diplolepis variabilis from a milder locale in western Canada, were used to test the hypothesis that mild winter temperatures are detrimental to the survival and potential fecundity of insects. Prepupae of D. spinosa held within or removed from their galls were exposed to simulated overwintering temperatures (-22, 0, 5, or 10 degrees C) for approximately four months before measuring their survival, body size, and potential fecundity. Similar studies were conducted using prepupae of D. variabilis that were removed from their gall and subjected to 0 degrees C or 10 degrees C treatments. Diplolepis spinosa, with or without their galls, averaged 66% more mortality at 10 degrees C than at 0 degrees C. Female D. spinosa that survived the 10 degrees C treatment had 32% fewer eggs than those held at 0 degrees C. In contrast, there was no difference in survival or numbers of eggs between D. variabilis held at 0 degrees C and 10 degrees C. Body size of adult females and size of eggs did not differ among temperature treatments for either species. We conclude that mild overwintering temperatures may be detrimental for insects by raising their metabolism, and consequently reducing energetic reserves needed for development to the adult stage and subsequent production of eggs the following spring.
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            Die Tenthrediniden der Rose (Rosa spec.)

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              The classification of Rhogogaster Konow (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Hymenoptera Research
                JHR
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2607
                1070-9428
                December 30 2019
                December 30 2019
                : 74
                : 27-33
                Article
                10.3897/jhr.74.46795
                © 2019

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