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      Comparison of mental health status between freshmen with and without disabilities

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      1 , 1 ,
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Mental health, Health status, Disabled persons, Students

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the differences in mental health between freshmen with and without disabilities.

          Methods A comparative analysis of 6 114 freshmen with and without disabilities from an undergraduate college in Nanjing from 2018 to 2020 was measured by the SCL-90 Mental Health Symptom Self-Rating Scale.

          Results The positive detection rate of SCL-90 was 23. 29%, and the positive rate of disabled students was significantly higher than healthy students (χ 2 = 28.35, P<0.01); Disabled freshmen were significantly higher than healthy freshmen in the levels of all factors ( P<0.05); A longitudinal comparison of the positive detection rate of SCL-90 between the two groups of freshmen in three years, there was no statistical difference between the disabled freshmen (χ 2 = 5.82, P = 0.06), there was a statistical difference in healthy freshmen (χ 2 = 29.43, P<0.01); After interview with positive factor students, the composition ratio of freshmen with disabled of A and B was higher than that of healthy freshmen (χ 2 = 7.09, P<0.05) .

          Conclusion Mental health level of freshmen with disabled is lower than that of healthy freshmen. Mental health among freshmen without disabilities is worsening. The mental health of disabled freshmen is relatively stable, however, the proportion of students with psychological problems is relatively high, which requires attention.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨残障本科新生和普通本科新生心理健康的差异, 为有效做好大学生心理健康教育工作提供参考。 方 法 对南京某本科高校 2018—2020 年残障新生及普通新生共 6 114 名大学生进行心理健康症状自评量表 (SCL-90) 测量, 并对结果进行分析。 结果 大学生 SCL-90 阳性检出率为 23.3%, 残障新生阳性率 (36.4%) 高于普通新生 (22.6%) (χ 2 = 28.35, P<0.01); 残障新生 SCL-90 总分及各因子分均高于普通新生 ( P 值均<0.05); 纵向比较两类新生 3 年间 SCL-90 阳 性检出率, 残障新生差异无统计学意义 (χ 2=5.82, P = 0.06), 普通新生差异有统计学意义 (χ 2 = 29.43, P<0.01); 阳性人群面 谈后残障新生严重心理问题 (A 类) 和一般心理问题 (B 类) 学生的构成比高于普通新生 (χ 2 = 7.09, P<0.05)。 结论 残障 新生心理健康水平低于普通新生; 普通新生心理健康水平呈下降趋势, 残障新生心理健康水平较稳定, 但有心理问题学生 的比例相对较高, 需引起关注。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 9
          : 1380-1383
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Nanjing Normal University of Special Education, Nanjing (210000), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: GU Xueying, E-mail: guxueying@ 123456njnu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.025
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.025
          143d6323-508d-4aa7-a78e-8a3ae5487841
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Disabled persons,Health status,Mental health

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