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      MG132 treatment attenuates cardiac remodeling and dysfunction following aortic banding in rats via the NF-κB/TGFβ1 pathway

      , , , , , ,

      Biochemical Pharmacology

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Although MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, is suggested to impede secondary cardiac remodeling after hypertension, the mechanism and optimal duration of treatment remain unknown. This study was designed to investigate the effects and possible mechanism of MG132 on hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling. Male Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to abdominal aortic constriction (AAC) or sham operation received an intraperitoneal injection of MG132 (0.1mgkg(-1)day(-1)) or vehicle over a 2- or 8-week period. In the end, left ventricular (LV) function was evaluated with echocardiography and pressure tracing. Collagen deposition within the LV myocardium was assessed with Masson's trichrome staining. Ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), NF-κB, I-κB, TGFβ1 and Smad2 within the LV tissue were evaluated. In addition, angiotensin II within both plasma and LV tissue was also examined. Compared with the sham groups, the vehicle-treated AAC group exhibited a higher angiotensin II level, LV/body weight ratio, septal and posterior wall thicknesses, and a markedly reduced cardiac function (P<0.05). Treatment with MG132 for 8 weeks attenuated these cardiac remodeling parameters and improved cardiac function (P<0.01). 2- and 8-week hypertension led to activation of UPS, which was followed by activation of NF-κB and increased expression of TGFβ1 and Smad2 (P<0.01). MG132 significantly inhibited NF-κB activity and down-regulate the levels of TGFβ1 and Smad2 expression by 2 and still at 8 weeks (P<0.01). Short- and long-term treatment with MG132 significantly attenuated hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling and dysfunction, which may be mediated by the NF-κB/TGFβ1 signaling pathway. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Biochemical Pharmacology
          Biochemical Pharmacology
          Elsevier BV
          00062952
          May 2011
          May 2011
          : 81
          : 10
          : 1228-1236
          Article
          10.1016/j.bcp.2011.03.009
          21420391
          © 2011

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