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      From tolerance to the secular State in Italy

      Academicus : International Scientific Journal

      Academicus Journal

      tolerance; religion; secularism; multiculturalism

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          Abstract

          The discourse on tolerance began over two centuries ago and yet is still unfinished. Was Voltaire in 1763 with his “Treatise on Tolerance”, condemned religious intolerance persuaded by religious fanaticism of the judgment of the Court of Toulouse. Although the idea of tolerance was born in Europe, it saw and still sees intolerance. Intolerance of yesterday reminds us wars, inquisitions and crusades, instead the modern Europe shows that even between globalization and multiculturalism often proves incapable of “import” different cultures. But from the legal point of view the term tolerance is far from that of secularism. It follows that individuals in a system that tolerates doesn’t enjoy equality their fundamental rights, because they are not legally placed on the same level. Legal Italian tolerance experience has been for many years a condition for the cults other than Catholic. The Albertine Statute in 1848 welcomed it in the article 1, and it was the task of the new Constitution outlining the principles of a State not only secular but also pluralistic.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Academicus : International Scientific Journal
          Academicus Journal
          01 January 2015
          : MMXV
          : 11
          : 51-62
          Article
          f63a140f655648acad68eef3321d23d9
          10.7336/academicus.2015.11.04

          Distributed under the terms of the https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, which permits noncommercial use and distribution in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited, and the original work is not modified.

          Product
          Categories
          Social Sciences
          H
          Economics as a science
          HB71-74

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