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      Correlation between neglect and behaviour problems of rural children aged 3–6 years in Urumqi

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the situation of neglect and behavior problems of children aged 3-6 years in rural areas of Urumqi, Xinjiang, and to provide basis and reference for the prevention and treatment of child neglect.

          Methods Stratified random cluster sampling was performed to select 1 326 children aged 3-6 years from 6 kindergartens in rural Urumqi. The “Chinese Rural Child Aged 3-6 Years Neglect Evaluation Norm” and “Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire” were used.

          Results The total neglect rate of rural children was 51.89%, and the rate of behavioral problems was 23.37%. Each dimensional score of neglect among children with behavioral problems was higher than those without behavior preblems, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 2.77, 4.05, 2.95, 2.44, 3.01, 2.71, P<0.05). Emotional neglect was correlated with all factors in behavioral preblems, except phychosomation fact ( r = 0.18, 0.80, 0.15, 0.14, 0.19, P<0.05). Neglect in educational was correlated with all factors in behavioral factors except anxiety and hyperactivity ( r = 0.06, 0.05, 0.62, 0.08, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Neglect of children aged 3-6 years in rural areas of Urumqi is more prominent and behavioral problems are more common, which should be paid more attention by relevant departments and parents.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解乌鲁木齐农村 3~6 岁儿童忽视和行为问题状况及其关联, 为儿童忽视防治及行为问题干预提供 参考。 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法, 抽取乌鲁木齐农村6所幼儿园中 1 326 名 3~6 岁儿童, 采用“Corners父母用问 卷”和“儿童忽视状况评价问卷”对儿童家长进行问卷调查。 结果 乌鲁木齐农村儿童总忽视率为 51.89%, 行为问题检出 率为 23.37%。有行为问题组的儿童忽视各层面的得分均高于行为正常组儿童, 差异均有统计学意义 ( t 值分别为 2.77, 4.05, 2.95, 2.44, 3.01, 2.71, P 值均<0.05)。情感层面忽视除与心身问题得分相关无统计学意义外, 与其余行为各因子的相 关均有统计学意义 ( r 值分别为 0.18, 0.80, 0.15, 0.14, 0.19, P 值均<0.05);教育层面忽视除与焦虑、多动指数得分相关无统 计学意义外, 与其余行为各因子的相关均有统计学意义 ( r 值分别为 0.06, 0.05, 0.62, 0.08, P 值均<0.05 )。 结论 乌鲁木齐农村 3~6 岁儿童忽视问题较为突出, 行为问题比较多见。有关部门及家长应给予重视。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 May 2020
          01 May 2020
          : 41
          : 5
          : 720-723
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Nursing School of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi (830011), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LIN Sulan, E-mail: linsulaii@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.05.023
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.05.023
          148c7846-6a33-477a-9a43-d36142c6e7bf
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Rural population,Behavior,Mental health,Child,Child abuse

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