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      A Public Health Problem: Consequences of Trauma on Health Outcomes and the Role of Social Support

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          Abstract

          Abstract Introduction: Extensive research substantiates a negative correlation between stress and health. The implications of traumatic stress are complex, affecting the physical, psychological, physiological, and social health of individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the role of social support in relation to trauma-related health consequences. Methods: Nationally representative data were obtained from the Midlife in the United States study, covering the period 2004-2006, and used in regression models to predict the relationships between types of trauma (adult vs. childhood), measures of social support, and biomarkers of stress reactivity (cortisol, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), and number of health conditions). Results: The study found that an increase in traumatic experiences during adulthood was associated with a higher logged cortisol level, but social support did not buffer these effects. No significant trends were observed with childhood trauma. Conclusions: Results suggest the importance of addressing indicators from multiple domains simultaneously to investigate the effects of trauma and social support on biomarkers of stress. Keywords: social support, trauma, cortisol, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, health conditions

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Spotlight on Public Health Research
          PUBH Research
          Spotlight on Research
          July 11 2019
          Affiliations
          [1 ]University of La Verne, Department of Sociology/Anthropology La Verne, CA, USA
          [2 ]California State University of San Bernardino, Department of Public Administration San Bernardino, CA, USA
          Article
          10.35831/sor.pubh/071119jp
          © 2019

          The license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ lets others remix, adapt, and build upon the work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge the source and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

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