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      Colchicine Prevents Kidney Transplant Amyloidosis in Familial Mediterranean Fever

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          Abstract

          Twenty-one familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients who received a kidney transplant for terminal renal failure due to amyloidosis were studied retrospectively to evaluate the prophylactic effect of colchicine on graft amyloidosis. Proteinuria, highly suggestive of kidney transplant amyloidosis, developed in 11 patients within a median of 3 years after transplantation (range 0.5-10 years). In 10 patients, repeated urinalyses for protein were negative during a median of 5 years after transplantation (range 1-13). Patients who developed proteinuria or transplant amyloidosis received smaller colchicine doses than patients without proteinuria – mean 0.69 (range 0-1) versus 1.53 (range 1-2) milligrams per day (p = 0.0002), suggesting that colchicine prevents or delays development of transplant amyloidosis. This prophylactic effect of colchicine was complete at a dose of 1.5 mg/day or more and absent at a daily dose of 0.5 mg or less. In patients who received 1 mg/day, individual variability in the response to colchicine was observed. We conclude that the development of amyloidosis of the kidney transplant in FMF is inevitable at a colchicine dose lower than 1 mg/day, unpredictable at 1 mg/day and usually preventable with 1.5 mg/day or more.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          11 December 2008
          : 60
          : 4
          : 418-422
          Affiliations
          Heller Institute of Medical Research, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Tel Aviv University Medical School, Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          186801 Nephron 1992;60:418–422
          10.1159/000186801
          1584316
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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