Masashi Maekawa 1 , 2 , ‡ , Kazufumi Tanigawa 2 , 3 , Tomohisa Sakaue 1 , 4 , Hiromi Hiyoshi 5 , Eiji Kubota 5 , Takashi Joh 5 , Yuji Watanabe 3 , Tomohiko Taguchi 6 , 7 , Shigeki Higashiyama 1 , 2 , ‡
16 October 2017
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from the pre-existing vasculature, is related to numerous pathophysiological events. We previously reported that a RING ubiquitin ligase complex scaffold protein, cullin-3 (CUL3), and one of its adaptor proteins, BAZF, regulated angiogenesis in the mouse retina by suppressing Notch signaling. However, the degree of inhibition of angiogenesis was made greater by CUL3 depletion than by BAZF depletion, suggesting other roles of CUL3 in angiogenesis besides the regulation of Notch signaling. In the present study, we found that CUL3 was critical for the cell surface level of integrin β1, an essential cell adhesion molecule for angiogenesis in HUVECs. By siRNA screening of 175 BTBPs, a family of adaptor proteins for CUL3, we found that ANKFY1/Rabankyrin-5, an early endosomal BTBP, was also critical for localization of surface integrin β1 and angiogenesis. CUL3 interacted with ANKFY1 and was required for the early endosomal localization of ANKFY1. These data suggest that CUL3/ANKFY1 regulates endosomal membrane traffic of integrin β1. Our results highlight the multiple roles of CUL3 in angiogenesis, which are mediated through distinct CUL3-adaptor proteins.
Summary: CUL3 and a CUL3-binding protein ANKFY1 determined the surface expression of integrin β1, an essential adhesion molecule for angiogenesis, by regulating the endosomal recycling traffic of integrin β1.