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      Effect of AVP and oxytocin on insulin release: involvement of V1b receptors.

      The American journal of physiology

      Animals, Antidiuretic Hormone Receptor Antagonists, Arginine Vasopressin, pharmacology, Cell Line, Insulin, metabolism, Islets of Langerhans, drug effects, Male, Oxytocin, Pancreas, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Vasopressin, agonists, physiology

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          We used a number of receptor antagonists to determine which receptors mediate the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) on insulin release. We found that OT (10(-7) M) and AVP (10(-8) M) increased insulin release from the perfused rat pancreas with similar magnitude. The antagonist with potent V1b receptor-blocking activity, dP[Tyr(Me)2]AVP (10(-7) M), abolished the effect of OT and AVP, whereas the highly selective OT receptor antagonist L-366,948 (10(-6) M) did not change the effect of OT, nor did a V1a receptor antagonist, d(CH2)5[Tyr(Me)2]AVP (10(-7) M), change the effect of AVP. The insulin-releasing potency of OT was estimated as 9-fold less than that of AVP in RINm5F cells. Selected AVP and OT antagonists were used to study their antagonism on AVP- and OT-induced insulin release from RINm5F cells, and the order of potencies of antagonists was estimated as dP[Tyr(Me)2]AVP > d(CH2)5[D-Phe2,Ile4]AVP > SR-49059 > d(CH2)5[Tyr(Me)2]AVP > desGly9d(CH2)5[Tyr(Et)2]VAVP (WK-3-6) approximately L-366,948. These results were consistent with the V1b receptor antagonistic activities of the antagonists. d[D-3-Pal]VP, a V1b receptor agonist, increased insulin release dose dependently (10(-9) to 10(-6) M), and this effect was antagonized by dP[Tyr(Me)2]AVP but not by WK-3-6 (10(-6) M). These results suggested that the stimulatory effect of both OT and AVP on insulin release from beta-cells may be mediated by V1b, but not by V1a or OT receptors.

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