Johannes Bonatti , Thomas Schachner , Nikolaos Bonaros , Patrycja Jonetzko , Armin Öhlinger , Elisabeth Ruetzler , Christian Kolbitsch , Gudrun Feuchtner , Guenther Laufer , Otmar Pachinger , Guy Friedrich
31 October 2007
Objectives: Hybrid coronary revascularization procedures apply minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. For logistic reasons simultaneous procedures would be desirable. In a pilot study the feasibility of simultaneous robotic totally endoscopic CABG and PCI using drug eluting stents was assessed. Patients and Methods: Five patients were scheduled to undergo simultaneous combined coronary inter- vention. A left internal mammary artery bypass graft was placed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in a completely endoscopic fashion using the daVinci<sup>TM</sup> telemanipulation system. PCI was carried out in the surgical operating room with the GE OEC9800 mobile coronary angiography C-arm. Rapamycin coated Cypher™ stents were placed into stenotic non-LAD targets. Results: The procedure was feasible in 4 patients, one patient was converted to a double CABG operation. There were no significant postoperative clinical complications and patients were discharged from intensive care unit and the hospital after 19 (18–61) hours and 6 (5–7) days respectively. At 6 months postoperatively all patients are free from angina. Conclusion: We conclude that simultaneous robotic totally endoscopic left internal mammary artery to LAD placement and PCI to non-LAD targets using drug eluting stents is feasible in one session.