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Death in the Ice: Re-investigations of the Remains from the Theodul Glacier (Switzerland)

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Most cited references 31

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New insights into the Tyrolean Iceman's origin and phenotype as inferred by whole-genome sequencing.

The Tyrolean Iceman, a 5,300-year-old Copper age individual, was discovered in 1991 on the Tisenjoch Pass in the Italian part of the Ötztal Alps. Here we report the complete genome sequence of the Iceman and show 100% concordance between the previously reported mitochondrial genome sequence and the consensus sequence generated from our genomic data. We present indications for recent common ancestry between the Iceman and present-day inhabitants of the Tyrrhenian Sea, that the Iceman probably had brown eyes, belonged to blood group O and was lactose intolerant. His genetic predisposition shows an increased risk for coronary heart disease and may have contributed to the development of previously reported vascular calcifications. Sequences corresponding to ~60% of the genome of Borrelia burgdorferi are indicative of the earliest human case of infection with the pathogen for Lyme borreliosis.
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Stable Isotope Ecology

B Fry (2006)
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New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating.

R Longin (1971)

Author and article information

Journal
Journal of Glacial Archaeology
JGA
Equinox Publishing
2050-3393
2050-3407
May 31 2016
December 14 2015
: 2
: 0
: 35-50
© 2016

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