Scattered human and animal bones, weapons, knives, jewellery, coins, leather fragments
and fabrics were found at the Upper Theodul glacier (Switzerland) between 1984 and
the early 1990s. The finds are assumed to represent a single fatal event. Until recently,
the remains were interpreted as those of a mercenary. All objects and fabrics were
restored and investigated by experts on behalf of the Valais History Museum using
macroscopic, microscopic and typological methods. The animal bones were sorted, identified
and attributed to species. The human remains, the main focus of this article, were
investigated using standard osteological methods, computed tomography, and stable
isotope analysis. The bones belong to an adult male individual who was wearing woollen
and silk clothes and leather shoes. He was equipped with a rapier, a dagger and a
wheel-lock pistol that were probably manufactured in Germany. Due to their type, it
is unlikely that the weapons were used as military arms. The coins were mainly minted
in Northern Italy and date the fatal event on the Theodul glacier to around 1600 AD.
The associated finds, in particular the weapons, contest the former interpretation
as a mercenary and suggest an identification as a traveller or tradesman.