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      Cerebral blood flow SPET in transient global amnesia with automated ROI analysis by 3DSRT.

      European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

      Aged, Algorithms, Amnesia, Transient Global, radionuclide imaging, Brain, blood supply, Brain Mapping, methods, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Cysteine, analogs & derivatives, diagnostic use, Female, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Male, Middle Aged, Organotechnetium Compounds, Radiopharmaceuticals, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Software, Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon, Adult

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          The aim of this study was to determine the areas involved in episodes of transient global amnesia (TGA) by calculation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) using 3DSRT, fully automated ROI analysis software which we recently developed. Technetium-99m L, L-ethyl cysteinate dimer single-photon emission tomography ((99m)Tc-ECD SPET) was performed during and after TGA attacks on eight patients (four men and four women; mean study interval, 34 days). The SPET images were anatomically standardized using SPM99 followed by quantification of 318 constant ROIs, grouped into 12 segments (callosomarginal, precentral, central, parietal, angular, temporal, posterior cerebral, pericallosal, lenticular nucleus, thalamus, hippocampus and cerebellum), in each hemisphere to calculate segmental CBF (sCBF) as the area-weighted mean value for each of the respective 12 segments based on the regional CBF in each ROI. Correlation of the intra- and post-episodic sCBF of each of the 12 segments of the eight patients was estimated by scatter-plot graphical analysis and Pearson's correlation test with Fisher's Z-transformation. For the control, (99m)Tc-ECD SPET was performed on eight subjects (three men and five women) and repeated within 1 month; the correlation between the first and second sCBF values of each of the 12 segments was evaluated in the same way as for patients with TGA. Excellent reproducibility between the two sCBF values was found in all 12 segments of the control subjects. However, a significant correlation between intra- and post-episodic sCBF was not shown in the thalamus or angular segments of TGA patients. The present study was preliminary, but at least suggested that thalamus and angular regions are closely involved in the symptoms of TGA.

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