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      A survey assessing knowledge and attitude about blood donation among blood donors in Jordan

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          Abstract

          Background:

          Recruitment of low risk blood donors can be challenging. Efforts should be made to increase the level of awareness and positive attitude towards blood donation. An essential step to achieve this is obtaining comprehensive data about the current situation of awareness, knowledge and attitudes of the population towards blood donation.

          Methods/materials:

          The present study was conducted at two blood donation centres in Amman, Jordan, during 2021. A total of 536 whole blood donors were included. Data regarding their demographic characteristics, blood donation history as well as their knowledge and attitudes regarding blood donation were collected by a questionnaire.

          Results:

          Four hundred ninety participants (91.4%) were males, whereas only 46 participants (8.6%) were females. Ninety seven subjects (18.1%) were first time donors, whereas 431 subjects (81.9%) had previous donations. The participants’ median score in the knowledge section was 19.0 points (range 5–25 points). Based on a cut-off of 15 out of 28: 84% of the participants were knowledgeable. Similarly 97% of the participants had a positive attitude based on a cut-off of 17 out of 32 points. Multivariate analysis revealed that high knowledge score was significantly associated with study major and employment status, whereas a positive attitude was significantly associated with a higher income. More than half of first time donors stated lack of awareness as being the reason for not donating blood before.

          Conclusion:

          Measures to improve awareness, knowledge and attitudes towards blood donation should be implemented in order to meet the increasing demand for blood and blood components. Targeted campaigns, correction of some misconceptions and using different motivations are suggested.

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          Most cited references28

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          Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and motivations towards blood donations among blood donors in Lagos, Nigeria.

          Summary. interviewed with questionnaires on their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and motivations about blood donations. It was found that a large number of them (92.9%) donated because of the benefits they will obtain from the hospital. Such benefits include antenatal registration (67.1%) and saving the lives of relations (25.8%). Even though many of the donors are educated (98.9%), majority of whom have university degrees (36.1%) and have heard about blood donation before, 52.4% of them believe they can contact human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and/or hepatitis infection from blood donation. A good number (47.0%) are afraid of what they regard as side effects, such as weight loss (23.8%), sexual failure (5.9%), high blood pressure (5.2%), sudden death (3.3%), and convulsion (1.47%). About 41.0% prefers certificates as an incentive for donation, whereas 13.6% prefers money; less than 3% will like their names announced or published on the media and 2.58% will donate for nothing. It is recommended that an intensive blood donation campaign should be maintained. This will allow people to be well informed, turning the positive attitude of saving life through blood donation to a regular practice.
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            Best practices for survey research reports revisited: implications of target population, probability sampling, and response rate.

            Several papers have been published recently in the Journal addressing "best practices" for survey research manuscripts. This paper explores in more detail the effects of the target population size on sample size determination, probability sampling versus census approaches, and response rates and the relationship to potential nonresponse bias. Survey research is a complex methodology requiring expertise in the planning, execution, and analytic stages.
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              Knowledge, Attitudes, and Motivations towards Blood Donation among King Abdulaziz Medical City Population

              Background. Blood donation is remarkably safe medical procedure. However, attitudes, beliefs, and level of knowledge may affect it. Objectives. To measure the level of knowledge regarding blood donation, find out positive and negative attitudes, identify the obstacles, and suggest some motivational factors. Methodology. A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC). Participants were selected by convenient nonrandom sampling technique. A self-created questionnaire was used for data collection. Results. The study included 349 individuals. About 45.8% of the participants claimed that they have a history of blood donation. Reported causes for not donating blood were blood donation not crossing their mind (52.4%), no time for donation (45%), and difficulty in accessing blood donation center (41.3%). Reported motivating factors for donating blood were one day off (81.4%), mobile blood donation caravans in public areas (79.1%), token gifts (31.5%), and finally paying money (18.9%). Conclusion. People in the age group 31–50 years, males, higher education and military were more likely to donate blood as well as People who showed higher knowledge level and positive attitude towards blood donation. More educational programs to increase the awareness in specific targeted populations and also to focus on some motivational factors are recommended.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SAGE Open Med
                SAGE Open Med
                SMO
                spsmo
                SAGE Open Medicine
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                2050-3121
                6 June 2024
                2024
                : 12
                : 20503121241259340
                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
                [2 ]Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, School of Science, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
                [3 ]Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
                [4 ]Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
                [5 ]Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan
                Author notes
                [*]Maher A. Sughayer, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Hussein Cancer Center, 202 Q Rania Street, Amman 11941, Jordan. Email: msughayer@ 123456KHCC.jo
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0034-8272
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-3521
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8927-1066
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8683-2374
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9185-9616
                Article
                10.1177_20503121241259340
                10.1177/20503121241259340
                11159535
                38855006
                15e8c97e-564e-493f-9a34-bde49c9ef5c7
                © The Author(s) 2024

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                History
                : 12 November 2023
                : 8 May 2024
                Categories
                Original Article
                Custom metadata
                January-December 2024
                ts1

                blood donors,transfusion medicine,jordan
                blood donors, transfusion medicine, jordan

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