Short-term lower leg length increments were monitored with weekly knemometry measurements during 3 months in 27 healthy school children aged 8-12 years. One year after the first visit the children were measured once again. The mean short term velocity of lower leg growth was 0.40 mm/week (SD 0.12 mm/week). The mean short-term and annual ratios between height velocity and lower leg growth velocity were identical (2.8). The relative variation between two observers was 0.08 %. Knemometry is a suitable method for monitoring short-term linear growth in populations of children. Two trained observers may substitute for each other in group studies.