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      Diversidad de Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) y otras familias de Hymenoptera obtenidas con trampas Malaise en el bosque tropical caducifolio de la región de Huatulco, Oaxaca, México Translated title: Diversity of Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) and other families of Hymenoptera obtained with Malaise traps in the tropical dry forest in the region of Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico

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          Abstract

          Se estudió la diversidad de Encyrtidae y otras familias de Hymenoptera obtenidas en trampas Malaise en el bosque tropical caducifolio de Huatulco, Oaxaca, México, entre febrero del 2005 y enero del 2006. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo durante 5 días de cada mes. La familia Encyrtidae estuvo representada por 2 subfamilias, 7 tribus, 9 géneros y 17 especies. La tribu con mayor número de géneros y especies fue Anagyrini, con 3 géneros y 3 especies, cada una de las tribus restantes presentaron 1 género y 1 especie. Metaphycus Mercet, 1917 y Rhytidothorx Ashmead, 1900 fueron los géneros con más especies; Ooencyrtus Ashmead, 1900 fue el género más abundante. El valor de riqueza obtenido con los métodos no paramétricos Jacknife 1 y Jacknife 2 fue de 31 y 45, respectivamente. La mayoría de las especies estuvo representada por un solo individuo. Encyrtidae no mostró aparente estacionalidad. Adicionalmente, se recolectaron otras 46 familias del orden Hymenoptera distribuidas en 2 subórdenes y 11 superfamilias. La superfamilia con mayor número de familias fue Chalcidoidea y la más abundante fue Vespoidea. Se registró un número mayor de familias durante la temporada de lluvias, siendo la abundancia muy similar para ambas temporadas, lluvias y secas.

          Translated abstract

          The results of the study of diversity of Encyrtidae and other families of Hymenoptera, obtained by Malaise traps in the tropical deciduous forest of Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico, between February 2005 and January 2006, are presented. Collections were carried out during 5 days of every month. The family Encyrtidae was represented by 2 subfamilies, 7 tribes, 9 genera and 17 species. The tribe with the largest number of genera and species was Anagyrini, with 3 genera and 3 species; the remaining tribes were represented by 1 genus and 1 species, respectively. Metaphycus Mercet, 1917 and Rhytidothorx Ashmead, 1900 were the genera with more species; Ooencyrtus Ashmead, 1900 was the most abundant genus. The richness value obtained with the nonparametric methods Jacknife1 and Jacknife 2 was 31 and 45, respectively. Most species were represented by just 1 specimen. Encyrtidae showed no apparent seasonality. In addition, other 46 families of the order Hymenoptera were collected spread over 2 suborders and 11 superfamilies. The superfamily with the greatest number of families was Chalcidoidea, the most abundant was Vespoidea. More families were registered during the rainy season; abundance was very similar for both rainy and dry seasons.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rmbiodiv
                Revista mexicana de biodiversidad
                Rev. Mex. Biodiv.
                Instituto de Biología (México, DF, Mexico )
                1870-3453
                2007-8706
                December 2009
                : 80
                : 3
                : 709-719
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México orgdiv1Instituto de Biología orgdiv2Departamento de Zoología
                Article
                S1870-34532009000300013 S1870-3453(09)08000300013

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 11
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                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Taxonomía y sistemática

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