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      Digital Transition by COVID‐19 Pandemic? The German Food Online Retail

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          Abstract

          The COVID‐19 pandemic has led to a sharp increase in online trade. This article examines the impact of the pandemic on online grocery retail in Germany. Here we follow and refine the multi‐level perspective by Geels, and examine to what extent and why the online grocery retail expanded during the pandemic. A particular focus is on the spatial expansion into rural areas. The study shows a general upswing in the grocery trade and disproportionately high growth in online grocery trade and identifies driving and limiting factors. While COVID‐19 has opened a window of opportunity, our results indicate little transition of grocery to e‐grocery. This finding can be explained by the sudden and temporary constellation at the level of the socio‐technical regime during the pandemic. As a result, we argue for a rethinking the temporality of windows of opportunities and the related vulnerability of the innovations which need them.

          Abstract

          Potential for e‐grocery in Germany based on GfK consumer panel 2016 (GfK 2018; figure adapted by the authors; GfK consumer panel index includes a nationwide annual 30,000 household survey on online and offline retail activities. The German average is 100, a higher index indicates higher e‐grocery activities).

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          Most cited references 38

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          In search of useful theory of innovation

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            Qualitative Content Analysis

            The article describes an approach of systematic, rule guided qualitative text analysis, which tries to preserve some methodological strengths of quantitative content analysis and widen them to a concept of qualitative procedure. First the development of content analysis is delineated and the basic principles are explained (units of analysis, step models, working with categories, validity and reliability). Then the central procedures of qualitative content analysis, inductive development of categories and deductive application of categories, are worked out. The possibilities of computer programs in supporting those qualitative steps of analysis are shown and the possibilities and limits of the approach are discussed. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002204 Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, Vol 1, No 2 (2000): Qualitative Methods in Various Disciplines I: Psychology
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              A socio-technical analysis of low-carbon transitions: introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies

               Frank Geels (2012)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                p.dannenberg@uni-koeln.de
                fuchs@wiso.uni-koeln.de
                riedler@wiso.uni-koeln.de
                c.wiedemann@uni-koeln.de
                Journal
                Tijdschr Econ Soc Geogr
                Tijdschr Econ Soc Geogr
                10.1111/(ISSN)1467-9663
                TESG
                Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                0040-747X
                1467-9663
                19 June 2020
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Global South Studies Center/ Institute of Geography Albertus‐Magnus‐Platz 50923 Cologne Germany
                [ 2 ] Department of Econonic and Social Geography University of Cologne Albertus‐Magnus‐Platz 50923 Cologne Germany
                Author notes
                Article
                TESG12453
                10.1111/tesg.12453
                7323036
                © 2020 The Authors. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Royal Dutch Geographical Society / Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 3, Pages: 18, Words: 20112
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: Hans Böckler Stiftung
                Award ID: 2019‐571‐3
                Categories
                Original Manuscript
                Original Manuscripts
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                corrected-proof
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.8.4 mode:remove_FC converted:29.06.2020

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