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      Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Early After Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          In patients, early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), rapid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have been used to assess left ventricular (LV) structure, global and regional function, infarct artery patency, or contrast uptake individually. We hypothesized that MRI could be used as a comprehensive evaluation of the post-AMI patient, studying all of these parameters in < 1 hour. Twenty-seven patients were studied after first AMI. Complete examinations were performed in 23 patients, 16 with anterior and 7 with inferior wall myocardial infarction, on day 5 +/- 2 after the event. For measurement of LV structure and regional function, a breath-hold segmented k-space gradient echo tagging sequence was used. A fat-suppressed segmented k-space breath-hold sequence was used for coronary artery imaging. MRI contrast-enhanced images during bolus gadoteridol transit through the myocardium were obtained to assess first-pass contrast uptake. No adverse events were noted during the MRI scanning, which was completed in 46 +/- 5 minutes. The LV mass index, end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indexes, and ejection fraction were (mean +/- SD) 107 +/- 13 g/m2, 87 +/- 23 ml/m2, 54 +/- 20 ml/m2, and 39 +/- 12%, respectively. Intramyocardial percent circumferential shortening was 11 +/- 6% at the apex, 14 +/- 4% in the midventricle, and 15 +/- 4% at the base. Flow within all infarct arteries was visualized. Seventeen of 23 patients had regions of reduced contrast uptake on first-pass imaging with mean signal intensity of 47 +/- 24% that of remote regions. In patients with recent AMI, comprehensive assessment of LV structure and function, infarct artery patency, and regional myocardial contrast uptake was safe and feasible with MRI of < 1 hour.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          The American Journal of Cardiology
          The American Journal of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          00029149
          September 1997
          September 1997
          : 80
          : 6
          : 690-695
          Article
          9315570
          © 1997

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