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      Emotion Perception Mediates the Predictive Relationship Between Verbal Ability and Functional Outcome in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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          The aim of this study was to identify specific cognitive abilities that predict functional outcome in high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to clarify the contribution of those abilities and their relationships. In total, 41 adults with ASD performed cognitive tasks in a broad range of neuro- and social cognitive domains, and information concerning functional outcomes was obtained. Regression analyses revealed that emotion perception and verbal generativity predicted adaptive functioning directly, and the former mediated between the other two. These findings provide the first evidence of a triadic relationship among neuro- and social cognition and functional outcome in this population. Our results suggest that psychosocial interventions targeting these cognitive abilities could benefit social adaptation in adults with ASD.

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            Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models.

            Hypotheses involving mediation are common in the behavioral sciences. Mediation exists when a predictor affects a dependent variable indirectly through at least one intervening variable, or mediator. Methods to assess mediation involving multiple simultaneous mediators have received little attention in the methodological literature despite a clear need. We provide an overview of simple and multiple mediation and explore three approaches that can be used to investigate indirect processes, as well as methods for contrasting two or more mediators within a single model. We present an illustrative example, assessing and contrasting potential mediators of the relationship between the helpfulness of socialization agents and job satisfaction. We also provide SAS and SPSS macros, as well as Mplus and LISREL syntax, to facilitate the use of these methods in applications.
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              The weak coherence account: detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders.

              "Weak central coherence" refers to the detail-focused processing style proposed to characterise autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The original suggestion of a core deficit in central processing resulting in failure to extract global form/meaning, has been challenged in three ways. First, it may represent an outcome of superiority in local processing. Second, it may be a processing bias, rather than deficit. Third, weak coherence may occur alongside, rather than explain, deficits in social cognition. A review of over 50 empirical studies of coherence suggests robust findings of local bias in ASD, with mixed findings regarding weak global processing. Local bias appears not to be a mere side-effect of executive dysfunction, and may be independent of theory of mind deficits. Possible computational and neural models are discussed.

                Author and article information

                +81-75-751-3966 ,
                J Autism Dev Disord
                J Autism Dev Disord
                Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
                Springer US (New York )
                13 February 2017
                13 February 2017
                : 47
                : 4
                : 1166-1182
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0004 0372 2033, GRID grid.258799.8, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, , Kyoto University, ; 53 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan
                [2 ]ISNI 0000 0004 0372 2033, GRID grid.258799.8, Department of Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry, Habilitation and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, , Kyoto University, ; 53 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan
                [3 ]The Organization for Promoting Neurodevelopmental Disorder Research (OPNDR), 40 Shogoin Sanno-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8392 Japan
                [4 ]ISNI 0000 0004 0614 710X, GRID grid.54432.34, , International Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), ; 5-3-1, Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, 102-0083 Tokyo Japan
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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                © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017


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