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      MAVKA: Software for Statistically Optimal Determination of Extrema

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          Abstract

          We introduce the program MAVKA for determination of characteristics of extrema using observations in the adjacent data intervals, with intended applications to variable stars, but it may be used for signals of arbitrary nature. We have used a dozen of basic functions, some of them use the interval near extremum without splitting the interval (algebraic polynomial in general form, "Symmetrical" algebraic polynomial using only even degrees of time (phase) deviation from the position of symmetry argument), others split the interval into 2 subintervals (a Taylor series of the "New Algol Variable", "the function of Prof. Z. Mikul\'a\v{s}ek"), or even 3 parts ("Asymptotic Parabola", "Wall-Supported Parabola", "Wall-Supported Line", "Wall-Supported Asymptotic Parabola", "Parabolic Spline of defect 1"). The variety of methods allows to choose the "best" (statistically optimal) approximation for a given data sample. As the criterion, we use the accuracy of determination of the extremum. For all parameters, the statistical errors are determined. The methods are illustrated by applications to observations of pulsating and eclipsing variable stars, as well as to the exoplanet transits. They are used for the international campaigns "Inter-Longitude Astronomy", "Virtual Observatory" and "AstroInformatics". The program may be used for studies of individual objects, also using ground-based (NSVS, ASAS, WASP, CRTS et al.) and space (GAIA, KEPLER, HIPPARCOS/TYCHO, WISE et al.) surveys.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          17 December 2018
          Article
          1812.06949

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          6 pages, subm. to: "Open European Journal on Variable Stars", 2019
          astro-ph.SR astro-ph.IM

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