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      Integrating multiple sources of biodiversity information greatly expands the range of a rare species of Hymenoptera (Vanhorniidae)

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          Abstract

          Abstract
          Background

          Vanhornia eucnemidarum Crawford is the only species of Vanhorniidae that occurs in North America. This species is rarely collected and thus the distribution is not well documented. Intending to uncover a more accurate range of this species, we assembled collection records from museums, personal collections and citizen science projects. Many of these records were non-digitised and had to be personally requested.

          New information

          Here we expand the known distribution of V. eucnemidarum to include nine new provinces and states: Manitoba, Connecticut, Oregon, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Texas and Wisconsin. Although Quebec has been listed as a previous locality, the recorded province was mislabelled, so Quebec is now also officially a provincial record.

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          Most cited references 28

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          The current state of citizen science as a tool for ecological research and public engagement

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            The Value of Museum Collections for Research and Society

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              What we know and don't know about Earth's missing biodiversity.

              Estimates of non-microbial diversity on Earth range from 2 million to over 50 million species, with great uncertainties in numbers of insects, fungi, nematodes, and deep-sea organisms. We summarize estimates for major taxa, the methods used to obtain them, and prospects for further discoveries. Major challenges include frequent synonymy, the difficulty of discriminating certain species by morphology alone, and the fact that many undiscovered species are small, difficult to find, or have small geographic ranges. Cryptic species could be numerous in some taxa. Novel techniques, such as DNA barcoding, new databases, and crowd-sourcing, could greatly accelerate the rate of species discovery. Such advances are timely. Most missing species probably live in biodiversity hotspots, where habitat destruction is rife, and so current estimates of extinction rates from known species are too low. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:f9b2e808-c883-5f47-b276-6d62129e4ff4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2828
                2019
                16 July 2019
                : 7
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University of Central Florida, Orlando, United States of America University of Central Florida Orlando United States of America
                [2 ] University of Florida, Gainesville, United States of America University of Florida Gainesville United States of America
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Barbara J Sharanowski ( barb.sharanowski@ 123456ucf.edu ).

                Academic editor: Yasen Mutafchiev

                Article
                37569 12165 urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:fdd04d4d-3c9c-52d6-8a65-92275a98f097
                10.3897/BDJ.7.e37569
                6650442
                Joshua Hogan, Amber I.H. Bass, Y. Miles Zhang, Barbara J Sharanowski

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 30
                Categories
                Single Taxon Treatment
                Vanhorniidae
                Biogeography
                North America

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