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      Effect of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions and revenue

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      Tobacco Control

      BMJ

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          Abstract

          Objective

          As part of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act, smoking on the gambling floors of all commercial casinos in Illinois became prohibited. This study examined the effects of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions per-capita and real per-capita adjusted gross receipts using 18 years of data (10 years before and 8 years after the Illinois law went into effect).

          Methods

          We employed a difference-in-difference regression technique using monthly data for the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Missouri and control for numerous determinants expected to affect casino admissions and revenue.

          Results

          The Smoke-free Illinois Act was found not to be a statistically significant determinant of per-capita casino admissions and of real per-capita gross adjusted receipts in all the models we estimated.

          Conclusions

          The estimates from this study clearly indicated that the Illinois law that banned smoking in casinos has had no significant negative economic consequences for casinos in terms of per-capita admissions or revenues.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 6

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          Respirable particles and carcinogens in the air of delaware hospitality venues before and after a smoking ban.

           James Repace (2004)
          How do the concentrations of indoor air pollutants known to increase risk of respiratory disease, cancer, heart disease, and stroke change after a smoke-free workplace law? Real-time measurements were made of respirable particle (RSP) air pollution and particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PPAH), in a casino, six bars, and a pool hall before and after a smoking ban. Secondhand smoke contributed 90% to 95% of the RSP air pollution during smoking, and 85% to 95% of the carcinogenic PPAH, greatly exceeding levels of these contaminants encountered on major truck highways and polluted city streets. This air-quality survey demonstrates conclusively that the health of hospitality workers and patrons is endangered by tobacco smoke pollution. Smoke-free workplace laws eliminate that hazard and provide health protection impossible to achieve through ventilation or air cleaning.
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            Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: a review of the evidence.

            There is no safe level of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Most US casinos continue to allow smoking, thus exposing workers and patrons to the hazards of SHS. This paper reviews the scientific literature on air quality, SHS exposure, health effects and economic outcomes related to SHS and smoking restrictions in casinos, as well as on smoking prevalence among casino patrons and problem gamblers.
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              Smoke-free law did not affect revenue from gaming in Delaware.

              To determine the effect of the Delaware smoke-free law on gaming revenue. Linear regression of gaming revenue and average revenue per machine on a public policy variable, time, while controlling for economic activity and seasonal effects. The linear regression showed that the smoke-free law was associated with no effect on total revenue or average revenue per machine. Smoke-free laws are associated with no change in gaming revenue.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Tobacco Control
                Tob Control
                BMJ
                0964-4563
                1468-3318
                October 06 2018
                October 2018
                October 2018
                January 19 2018
                : 27
                : e2
                : e130-e135
                Article
                10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053966
                © 2018

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