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      ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channel Blockage Attenuates Cisplatin-Induced Renal Damage

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          Background: Cisplatin-induced renal damage was associated with an inflammatory process. ATP-sensitive potassium channels can be involved in neutrophil migration. This study evaluated the effects of glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker, on cisplatin-induced renal damage. Methods: A total of 48 Wistar rats received glibenclamide (20 mg/kg/day, s.c.) and 24 h later, these animals, and an additional group of 45 rats, were injected with cisplatin (5 mg/kg, i.p.). In addition, 38 control rats were injected with saline, i.p. Twenty-four hours and 5 days after saline or cisplatin injections blood and urine samples were collected to evaluate renal function and the kidneys were removed for analysis of neutrophil accumulation, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β and histological and immunohistochemical studies. Results: Cisplatin injection induced neutrophil recruitment and increased tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β contents in renal cortices and outer medullae tissues. Cisplatin-treated rats also presented reduction in the glomerular filtration rate, as well as greater immunostaining for ED1 (macrophages/monocytes) and acute tubular necrosis. All of these alterations were reduced by treatment with glibenclamide. These effects seem to be related, at least in part, to the restriction of neutrophil recruitment and inflammatory process observed in the kidneys from glibenclamide+cisplatin-treated rats.

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          Most cited references 21

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          Identification of programmed cell death in situ via specific labeling of nuclear DNA fragmentation

          Programmed cell death (PCD) plays a key role in developmental biology and in maintenance of the steady state in continuously renewing tissues. Currently, its existence is inferred mainly from gel electrophoresis of a pooled DNA extract as PCD was shown to be associated with DNA fragmentation. Based on this observation, we describe here the development of a method for the in situ visualization of PCD at the single-cell level, while preserving tissue architecture. Conventional histological sections, pretreated with protease, were nick end labeled with biotinylated poly dU, introduced by terminal deoxy- transferase, and then stained using avidin-conjugated peroxidase. The reaction is specific, only nuclei located at positions where PCD is expected are stained. The initial screening includes: small and large intestine, epidermis, lymphoid tissues, ovary, and other organs. A detailed analysis revealed that the process is initiated at the nuclear periphery, it is relatively short (1-3 h from initiation to cell elimination) and that PCD appears in tissues in clusters. The extent of tissue-PCD revealed by this method is considerably greater than apoptosis detected by nuclear morphology, and thus opens the way for a variety of studies.
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            Determination of protein: a modification of the Lowry method that gives a linear photometric response.

             E HARTREE (1972)
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              TNF-α mediates chemokine and cytokine expression and renal injury in cisplatin nephrotoxicity


                Author and article information

                Kidney Blood Press Res
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                September 2007
                17 July 2007
                : 30
                : 5
                : 289-298
                Departments of aInternal Medicine, bPharmacology, cPhysiology, and dPathology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, eDepartment of Clinical, Toxicological, and Bromatological Analyses, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
                105816 Kidney Blood Press Res 2007;30:289–298
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 2, References: 36, Pages: 10
                Original Paper


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