17 July 2007
Background: Cisplatin-induced renal damage was associated with an inflammatory process. ATP-sensitive potassium channels can be involved in neutrophil migration. This study evaluated the effects of glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker, on cisplatin-induced renal damage. Methods: A total of 48 Wistar rats received glibenclamide (20 mg/kg/day, s.c.) and 24 h later, these animals, and an additional group of 45 rats, were injected with cisplatin (5 mg/kg, i.p.). In addition, 38 control rats were injected with saline, i.p. Twenty-four hours and 5 days after saline or cisplatin injections blood and urine samples were collected to evaluate renal function and the kidneys were removed for analysis of neutrophil accumulation, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β and histological and immunohistochemical studies. Results: Cisplatin injection induced neutrophil recruitment and increased tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β contents in renal cortices and outer medullae tissues. Cisplatin-treated rats also presented reduction in the glomerular filtration rate, as well as greater immunostaining for ED1 (macrophages/monocytes) and acute tubular necrosis. All of these alterations were reduced by treatment with glibenclamide. These effects seem to be related, at least in part, to the restriction of neutrophil recruitment and inflammatory process observed in the kidneys from glibenclamide+cisplatin-treated rats.