Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the laboratory parameters and symptoms after parathyroidectomy (PTX) in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), and to briefly analyze the different therapeutic effects of the three surgical methods.
Methods: A total of 182 dialysis patients who underwent PTX between February 2012 and January 2018 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were included in this study and followed for 12 months. Laboratory parameters such as calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were measured before and after operation. According to the follow-up time and type of operation, we calculated the percentage of laboratory indicators reaching the recommended range of the KDIGO guidelines after surgery. We also analyzed the improvement of bone pain and pruritus, as well as surgical complications.
Results: After the operation, the levels of iPTH, Ca, and P decreased significantly at each time point. ALP increased at the first postoperative week and gradually decreased to normal range after 3 months. Symptoms, such as bone pain and pruritus, were significantly relieved. According to the follow-up time and three surgical methods (subtotal parathyroidectomy, total parathyroidectomy, total parathyroidectomy plus autologous transplantation), we found that the ratio of each laboratory parameter reaching the recommended range of KDIGO guidelines was significantly different.
Conclusion: PTX is a safe and effective therapy for treating SHPT that is refractory to medical therapies and accompanied by related signs and symptoms in dialysis patients. All three operative techniques were effective in controlling SHPT.