Electric fields (EFs) promote angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. These results indicate the feasibility of the application of EFs to modulate angiogenesis. Nitric oxide (NO) derived from endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is an important regulator of angiogenesis. However, the role of direct current EFs in eNOS activity and expression in association with angiogenesis of endothelial cells has not been investigated. In the present study, we stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with EFs and evaluated the activity and expression of eNOS. EFs induced significant phosphorylation of eNOS, upregulation of the expression of eNOS protein, and an increase in NO production from HUVECs. L-NAME, a specific inhibitor of eNOS, abolished EF-induced HUVEC angiogenesis. EFs stimulated Akt activation. Inhibition of PI3K activity inhibited EF-mediated Akt and eNOS activation and inhibited NO production in the endothelial cells. Moreover, EFs stimulated HUVEC proliferation and enhanced the S phase cell population of the cell cycle. We conclude that EFs stimulate eNOS activation and NO production via a PI3K/Akt-dependent pathway. Thus, activation of eNOS appears to be one of the key signaling pathways necessary for EF-mediated angiogenesis. These novel findings suggest that NO signaling may have an important role in EF-mediated endothelial cell function.