Recent studies showed inconsistent results of tenecteplase vs alteplase for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with safety and efficacy.
A meta-analysis was performed to explore the value of tenecteplase and alteplase in AIS treatment. Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library from January 2001 to April 2018 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with tenecteplase vs alteplase for AIS.
The primary outcomes were early neurological improvement at 24 h and functional outcome at 3 months. We pooled 1,390 patients from four RCTs. Tenecteplase showed a significant early neurological improvement ( P=0.035) compared with alteplase. In addition, tenecteplase showed a neutral effect on excellent outcome ( P=0.309), good functional outcome ( P=0.275), and recanalization ( P=0.3). No significant differences in safety outcomes were demonstrated. In subgroup analysis, 0.25 mg/kg dose of tenecteplase showed a significantly increased early neurological improvement ( P<0.001). In serious stroke at baseline (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] >12) subgroup, tenecteplase showed a dramatic early neurological improvement ( P=0.002) and low risks of any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) ( P=0.027).
Tenecteplase provided better early neurological improvement than alteplase. The 0.25 mg/kg dose of tenecteplase subgroup specially showed better early neurological improvement and lower any ICH tendency than that of alteplase. In addition, in serious stroke at baseline subgroup, tenecteplase showed a lower risk of any ICH.