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Comparison of body composition methods in overweight and obese children.

Journal of Applied Physiology

Absorptiometry, Photon, methods, standards, Adolescent, Body Composition, Body Fluid Compartments, Body Water, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Obesity, pathology, radiography, Plethysmography, Reproducibility of Results

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      Abstract

      The objective of the present study was to investigate the accuracy of percent body fat (%fat) estimates from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, air-displacement plethysmography (ADP), and total body water (TBW) against a criterion four-compartment (4C) model in overweight and obese children. A volunteer sample of 30 children (18 male and 12 female), age of (mean +/- SD) 14.10 +/- 1.83 yr, body mass index of 31.6 +/- 5.5 kg/m, and %fat (4C model) of 41.2 +/- 8.2%, was assessed. Body density measurements were converted to %fat estimates by using the general equation of Siri (ADPSiri) (Siri WE. Techniques for Measuring Body Composition. 1961) and the age- and gender-specific constants of Lohman (ADPLoh) (Lohman TG. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 1986). TBW measurements were converted to %fat estimates by assuming that water accounts for 73% of fat-free mass (TBW73) and by utilizing the age- and gender-specific water contents of Lohman (TBWLoh). All estimates of %fat were highly correlated with those of the 4C model (r > or = 0.95, P < 0.001; SE < or = 2.14). For %fat, the total error and mean difference +/- 95% limits of agreement compared with the 4C model were 2.50, 1.8 +/- 3.5 (ADPSiri); 1.82, -0.04 +/- 3.6 (ADPLoh); 2.86, -2.0 +/- 4.1 (TBW73); 1.90, -0.3 +/- 3.8 (TBWLoh); and 2.74, 1.9 +/- 4.0 DXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), respectively. In conclusion, in overweight and obese children, ADPLoh and TBWLoh were the most accurate methods of measuring %fat compared with a 4C model. However, all methods under consideration produced similar limits of agreement.

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      Journal
      14555670
      10.1152/japplphysiol.00377.2003

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